A note on Sanjeevani plant of Ramayana.

The use of herbal and aromatic plants in textile and non-textile related fields is very important. Thus the natural wealth of Uttarakhand has a very bright future. In India till now, no systematic efforts have been made to develop the growth, protection and the use of these herbal plants.

Agricultural crops are attacked by many insects and pests. The world food production is adversely affected by insects and pests during crop growth, harvest and storage. The Indian tradition of controlling or repelling insects/pests has ancient roots in Sanskrit literature.

Conservation agriculture is a concept for resource-saving agricultural crop production that strives to achieve acceptable profits together with high and sustained production levels while concurrently conserving the environment.

Out of twenty-eight Oryza species, only two are cultivated. The indigenous practices of different regions vary. But the essence of the indigenous practices are low external input (LEI) based farming system, organic produce, preference for taste and quality, and a number of innovations involved.

The Eastern Himalayan region has been proposed as another National Agricultural Biodiversity Heritage Site, based on six indices. The region is the richest in species diversity among the northeastern states of India. It is the center of diversity for several widely distributed plant taxa and a crucible for speciation encompassing several primitive familities.

The Jeypore tract of Orissa, India is famous for the genetic diversity of Asian cultivated rice and has been considered the center of origin of aus ecotype. The landraces or traditional varieties growing here are thought to harbor dominant genes for biotic and abiotic stresses, aroma and palatability and hold promise for their utilization in future plant breeding and biotechnology programs.

This article highlights 14 endangered species of plants of medicinal importance available in Manipur in Northeast India. The taxonomic classification, habit and habitat, parts used, active ingredients/principles, medicinal uses, threats and IUCN status of these endangered species are also given.

Recently Naga King Chili was rediscovered by the world scientific community when it was declared as the hottest chili of the world. Interestingly this particular type of chili with its unique hotness and aroma is native to the northeastern part of India, more particularly to Nagaland.

Anand Agricultural University (AAU), Anand, Gujarat had prepared almanac predicting district-wise daily rainfall during monsoon 2008 for the farming community as well as planners. The rainfall projection by AAU for the state as a whole was quite good with +6.3% departure from actual rainfall which was less than 10%.