Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) is one of the most important commercial commodity of Indian Agriculture. Jammu & Kashmir State enjoys a virtual monopoly in the cultivation of saffron in the sub-continent. At present, the industry gives an exchequer of Rs 236.55 crores as against the potential of Rs 4642.5 crores. Economic product of the saffron flower is the pistil with a trifid stigma. It is a unique plant whose active period and effective growth occurs in fall and winter.