The pollution load on rivers has increased over the years due to rapid urbanisation and industrialization. Domestic sewage is the major source of pollution of rivers besides industrial and other non-point sources of pollution. Abstraction of water for irrigation, drinking, industrial use, power etc. compounds the challenge.

The Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF) provides funds to the States and Union Territories (UTs) including SPCBs/PCCs under various schemes which include the schemes of Assistance for Abatement of Pollution, Common Effluent Treatment Plants (CETPs), Treatment, Storage and Disposal Facilities (TSDFs), National River Conservation Programme (NRCP) and National Lake Conservation Plan (NLCP).

A Bill to provide for the establishment of the National Road Safety and Traffic Management Board for the purpose of orderly development, regulation, promotion and optimisation of modern and effective road safety and traffic management system and practices in relation to the national highways and improved safety standards in highway design, construction, operation and regulate high standards in

The National Green Tribunal Bill, 2009 that would judge environmental disputes.The tribunal will have the same powers as a civil court, will subsume various state-level authorities that address environmental issues as well as committees created by the Supreme Court for that purpose.

A Bill further to amend the Land Acquisition Act, 1894.
 

A Bill to provide for the rehabilitation and resettlement of families affected by the acquisition of land for projects of public purpose or involuntary displacement due to any other reason, and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

This document presented by the MoEF in response to a recent parliament question focuses on the state of pollution in our cities. Gobindgarh in Punjab has been rated as the most polluted city while Delhi has been rated as the most polluted metro followed by Kolkata.

Lok Sabha question and answer on most polluted cities in India.

A bill to provide for the establishment of a Fund and crediting thereto the monies received from the user agencies towards compensatory afforestation, additional compensatory afforestation, penal compensatory afforestation, Net Present Value and all other amounts recovered from such agencies under the Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980; constitution of an Authority for administration of the Fund and to utilise the monies

A bill to provide for the rehabilitation and resettlement of persons affected by the acquisition of land for projects of public purpose or involuntary displacement due to any other reason, and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. This Act may be called the Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2007.

A bill further to amend the Land Acquisition Act, 1894. This Act may be called the Land Acquisition (Amendment) Act, 2007. It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint; and different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act and any reference in any provision to the commencement of this Act shall be construed as reference to the coming into force of that provision.

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