In assessing the extent of poverty in a given country one naturally focuses on a poverty line that is considered appropriate for that country. However, poverty lines vary across countries in terms of their purchasing power, and they have an economic gradient, such that richer countries tend to adopt higher standards of living in defining poverty. This report presents a major overhaul to the World Bank

Planning for hydropower development needs to evolve from a project-based engineering approach to a more holistic one

This paper uses a sample of 73 developing countries to estimate the change in the cost of alleviating urban poverty brought about by the recent increase in food prices. This cost is approximated by the change in the poverty deficit, that is, the variation in financial resources required to eliminate poverty under perfect targeting. The results show that, for most countries, the cost represents less than 0.1 percent of gross domestic product. However, in the most severely affected, it may exceed 3 percent.

For the first time since 1973, the world is being hit by a combination of record oil and food prices. Such record oil and food prices are a destabilizing element for the global economy because of their potentially severe growth, inflation and distributional effects. In terms of their impact on income distribution, inflation and poverty, high food prices are of greater and more immediate concern than high fuel prices.

This paper uses a sample of 73 developing countries to estimate the change in the cost of alleviating urban poverty brought about by the recent increase in food prices. This cost is approximated by the change in the poverty deficit, that is, the variation in financial resources required to eliminate poverty under perfect targeting.

This study explores urban spatial growth patterns in three middle-sized Metropolitan Regions (MRs) in three world regions: Quito, Ecuador in Latin America; Xi

This report demonstrates that climate change will continue to affect the lives and production systems o f the millions in India who reside in high-risk rural areas, with a mounting human toll that falls disproportionately upon the poor.

The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the clean coal technologies (CCT) used in power generation worldwide and draw preliminary recommendations regarding the utilization of CCT options which are suitable for application in India.

A study on the willingness to pay provides an indication of the value that consumers place on improved water supply and an assessment of the demand for service improvement. A study of
affordability provides guidance on tariff setting, helping to ascertain how far the consumers will be able to pay the cost of improved services.

The main objectives of this report are: to illustrate that despite efforts to emphasize the importance of environmental health to poverty reduction and sustainable development in partner countries there has been limited success in countries placing environmental health issues that matter to the poor high on their development agendas; and to provide practical guidance on how to raise the profile o

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