This study explores urban spatial growth patterns in three middle-sized Metropolitan Regions (MRs) in three world regions: Quito, Ecuador in Latin America; Xi

This report demonstrates that climate change will continue to affect the lives and production systems o f the millions in India who reside in high-risk rural areas, with a mounting human toll that falls disproportionately upon the poor.

The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the clean coal technologies (CCT) used in power generation worldwide and draw preliminary recommendations regarding the utilization of CCT options which are suitable for application in India.

A study on the willingness to pay provides an indication of the value that consumers place on improved water supply and an assessment of the demand for service improvement. A study of
affordability provides guidance on tariff setting, helping to ascertain how far the consumers will be able to pay the cost of improved services.

The main objectives of this report are: to illustrate that despite efforts to emphasize the importance of environmental health to poverty reduction and sustainable development in partner countries there has been limited success in countries placing environmental health issues that matter to the poor high on their development agendas; and to provide practical guidance on how to raise the profile o

Climate Resilient Cities: A Primer on Reducing Vulnerabilities to Climate Change Impacts and Strengthening Disaster Risk Management in East Asian Cities is prepared as a guide for local governments in the East Asia Region to better understand the concepts and consequences of climate change; how climate change consequences contribute to urban vulnerabilities; and what is being done by city governments in East Asia and around the world to actively engage in learning, capacity building, and capital investment programs for building sustainable, resilient communities.

The 10-state study on effectiveness of rural water supply schemes, undertaken by the World Bank has looked at various aspects of

To find the optimal delivery model for urban water supply and sanitation (WSS) services, one must look beyond ownership structures to the practices and designs that support good performance. Consumer cooperatives are often attractive
institutional models. This note focuses on a Bolivian
cooperative that is one of the most successful water cooperatives in Latin America.

This study shows a clear preference for domestic connections and willingness to pay for piped water. Hence the rural communities should be offered a higher level of service, subject to availability of water and willingness to contribute through user charges that recover the O&M (operation and maintenance) and partial capital costs.

This study, covering more than 600 rural drinking water supply schemes, is a large-scale empirical analysis of the traditional target-driven (supply-driven) programs of the Government and the more recent model of decentralized community-driven approaches.