The primary objective of this report is to provide practical guidance to World Bank teams advising on the design and implementation of reforms of urban water supply and sanitation (WSS) sectors. The reform of urban WSS sectors is needed to increase access to the infrastructure, improve efficiency of operations, and enhance the reliability, sustainability and affordability of the service.

This report finds, among other issues, that fuel pricing is a key policy affecting emissions and that important information for the design and management of emissions-related policies is missing. The report constitutes the first phase of a broader analysis of the Bank

The overall aim of this report is to provide information to decision-makers on the optimal design of policies to help reduce premature deaths and illness in children under five years of age. To protect the health, development, and wellbeing of young children, decision-makers must identify and reduce environmental

Current estimates of the cost of the impacts of climate change in developing countries and of the needed adaptation measures are in very short supply, and the available ones are rather crude. To a large extent this is because this is a very new research area and no agreed methodology exists to assess the economics of adaptation to climate change, particularly in the context of more limited data.

This study provides guidance on linkages between the design of development programs and the objectives of adapting to climate change and limiting emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

The urban poor are particularly vulnerable in times of crisis due to their heavy reliance on the cash economy, job losses and wage reductions in urban based industries, and no agricultural production to fallback on. Prioritizing investments in cities can help to mitigate impacts in the short run and reduce risks in the future.

This Sourcebook is part of a broader program of work on governance and corruption in the water supply and sanitation sector. The Sourcebook is meant as a resource to assist water and sanitation sector practitioners to assess the extent and risks of corruption in the sector and to improve governance in ways that reduce corruption.

Agriculture will face significant challenges in the 21st century, largely due to the need to increase global food supply under the declining availability of soil and water resources and increasing threats from climate change.

This Strategic Framework serves to guide and support the operational response of the World Bank Group (WBG) to new development challenges posed by global climate change. The WBG recognizes the very complex political process toward long-term cooperative action within the UN Framework Convention on Climate
Change (UNFCCC). The Framework will help the WBG maintain the

This strategic framework serves to guide and support the operational response of the World Bank Group (WBG) to new development challenges posed by global climate change. The WBG recognizes the very complex political process toward long-term cooperative action within the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

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