This report by Greenpeace looks at two projects in Bihar that are using decentralised renewable energy (DRE) to deliver energy services to the people. Says that DRE can plug the deficit and bring development to the state.

This report forms part of a project aiming to develop a South-South-North partnership to reshape the impact of a predicted large-scale expansion in global biomass energy use towards greater poverty reduction and maintenance of ecosystem services in developing countries. The consortium of partners represents leading biomass energy researchers from multiple disciplines.

Manisha Pande / New Delhi September 13, 2010, 0:56 IST

Having grown up in Baithania village of Bihar, Gyanesh Pandey knows how erratic electricity supply can be. Today, the 34-year-old, along with his friend Ratnesh Yadav, has found a way to generate electricity with rice husk.

The role of new and renewable energy has been assuming increasing significance with the growing concern for the country’s energy security.

COIMBATORE: K. Gopal Memorial Trust, one of the three charitable trusts of the C.R.I. Pumps, has constructed a biomass gasifier crematorium at Saravanampatti on the city's northern border.

Source of energy

Constructed at Rs.2.20 crore to mark the 30 {+t} {+h} death anniversary of the company's founder K. Gopal, the crematorium is powered by renewable energy.

Development of a new class of single pan high efficiency, low emission stoves, named gasifier stoves, that promise constant power that can be controlled using any solid biomass fuel in the form of pellets is reported here. These stoves use battery-run fan-based air supply for gasification (primary air) and for combustion (secondary air).

R. Sairam

Raw material for biomass gasifier plants is available in abundance


Many ingenious innovations in agriculture do not require an IITian

The rural population in India does not have access to reliable energy. India has millions of tonnes of unused and available biomass waste. This loose biomass is currently treated as a waste with no economic value. It is often burnt inefficiently in open fields, causing air pollution. However this 'waste' can be turned into a completely environment-friendly source of energy through briquetting.

Biomass gasification is deemed as one of the best ways to power rural households across the world. It is basically the conversion of solid biomass (wood, agriculture residues and so on) into a combustible gas mixture known as Producer Gas. In India, small-scale biomass gasifiers have been installed in various states.