This report seeks to inform decision makers seeking to prioritise RD&D investments in a time of financial uncertainty. It is an update of the December 2009 IEA report Global Gaps in Clean Energy Research, Development and Demonstration, which examined whether rates of LCET investment were sufficient to achieve shared global energy and environmental goals (IEA,2009a).

This paper looks at three clean energy product categories: equipment energy efficiency; low-carbon transport, including high-efficiency vehicles and electric/plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (EV/PHEVs); and solar photovoltaic (PV) power.

The production of fossil fuels

Algal biofuels have many
advantageous characteristics that would lower impacts on environmental degradation in
comparison to biofuel feedstock and in some cases improve the well-being of developing and developed communities.

Energy subsidies are often used to alleviate energy poverty and promote economic development by enabling access to affordable modern energy services.

We've found lots of it, we're learning how to get it and we think we can clean it before we burn it. Is natural gas the secure answer to our energy woes?

For decades, India has kowtowed to Gulf countries, notably Iran. With large shale gas deposits and new technology to extract it, India can afford to act tough, says Swaminathan S Anklesaria Aiyar.

Over the past decade, biofuels production in the EU and US has boomed – much of this due to government mandates and subsidies. The US has now surpassed Brazil as the world’s leading
producer of ethanol. The economic and environmental impact of these biofuel programs has become an important question of public policy. Due to the complex intersectoral linkages

This technology roadmap on nuclear energy released by IEA & OECD finds that nearly one-fourth of global electricity generation could be met with nuclear power by 2050, offering significant CO2 savings & says that financing new nuclear plants is expected to be a major challenge.

For 59 years, the BP Statistical Review of World Energy has provided high-quality, objective and globally consistent data on world energy markets. The review is one of the most widely respected and authoritative publications in the field of energy economics, used for reference by the media, academia, world governments and energy companies.