Future changes in rainfall have serious impacts on human adaptation to climate change, but quantification of these changes is subject to large uncertainties in climate model projections. To narrow these uncertainties, significant efforts have been made to understand the intermodel differences in future rainfall changes. Here, we show a strong inverse relationship between present-day precipitation and its future change to possibly calibrate future precipitation change by removing the present-day bias in climate models.

Southeastern Austria as part of the southeastern Alpine forelands experiences an increase of temperature and a tendency of decreasing precipitation. Especially in summer, the temperature strongly increased by about 0.7 °C per decade since the 1970s. Drought vulnerability under climate change is therefore a key question in this region. Here, we address this question by exploring the hydrological sensitivity of the Raab catchment in Austria (area 987 km2), a typical catchment in these Alpine forelands.

Judgement of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Manoj Misra & Others Vs Art of Living International Center & Others dated 07/12/2017 regarding World Culture Festival Celebration on Yamuna flood plain. This has led to illegal and unauthorized dumping and construction in the active flood plains of river Yamuna in the NCT of Delhi which was taking place over some 25 hectares upstream of DND Flyway. The flood plains which were excellent natural wetlands as recently as September 2015 have been cleared and levelled by the Art of Living International Center.

The Mactaquac Dam and Generating Station, a 672 MW run-of-the-river hydroelectric facility located on the Saint John River, Canada, will have to be decommissioned or reconstructed by 2030. In order to simulate the impact of reservoir emptying (drawdown) and climate change on the thermal regime of the lower reaches of the river, the CEQUEAU hydrological and water temperature model was used.

Ground Water Year Book is prepared annually by CGWB depicting changes in ground water regime of the country through different seasons. It is an effort to obtain information on ground water levels through representative monitoring wells. The important attributes of ground water regime monitoring are ground water level.

The Tana River is one of Kenya’s most important rivers. It is the principal water source for Nairobi, the capital city, providing water for hydroelectric power generation and irrigation. Several of the flagship projects laid out in Vision 2030 – the blueprint that guides Kenya’s national development – are located in the basin.

A critical question for agricultural production and food security is how water demand for staple crops will respond to climate and carbon dioxide (CO2) changes, especially in light of the expected increases in extreme heat exposure. To quantify the trade-offs between the effects of climate and CO2 on water demand, we use a ‘sink-strength’ model of demand which relies on the vapour-pressure deficit (VPD), incident radiation and the efficiencies of canopy-radiation use and canopy transpiration; the latter two are both dependent on CO2.

Global warming is expected to intensify the Earth’s hydrological cycle and increase flood and drought risks.

Judgement of the National Green Tribunal (Eastern Zone Bench, Kolkata) in the matter of Tenzing Lepcha & Others Vs Ministry of Environment and Forests & Others dated 15/11/2017 regarding Teesta-IV Hydro-Electric Project on the Teesta river near Chandey Village on left bank and near the Gyathang Village on the right bank in North district of Sikkim. The project envisages construction of a 65m high concrete gravity dam across Teesta river in downstream of confluence of Runchu with Teesta for a generation of 520 MW hydropower.

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