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Living without sanitation is endangering the health and livelihoods of the world’s poorest people. A staggering two billion still do not have access to a decent toilet. Now, climate change is aggravating this sanitation crisis.

The aim of this study is to better understand the social accountability mechanisms that can improve the delivery of water and sanitation services. It seeks to answer the question of how local communities engage with decision-makers to realize their human right to water and sanitation.

Affidavit in reply by Notified Area Authority, GIDC, Vapi in the matter of Kirti Desai & Others Vs The Collector Valsad & Others dated 26/10/2020. 

The water supply and sanitation sector remains heavily subsidized around the world. Yet, the accounting of water supply and sanitation subsidies globally has proved challenging due to utility-level data limitations and their often implicit nature.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Dr. Dharmendra Singh Vs Delhi Police dated 07/10/2020. The matter related filling up a drain by sand and soil by some people in New Gopal Nagar, Najafgarh, Delhi which could result in malaria and dengue diseases.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Sabhagh Singh Shekhawat Vs State of Rajasthan dated 07/10/2020.

The matter related to sewage water being discharged from an unauthorized colony in open at Kundan Nagar, Ajmer, Rajasthan. The NGT in its order of July 24, 2019 asked for a factual and action taken report from the Nagar Nigam, Ajmer on the matter.

To accelerate the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage and to put focus on safe sanitation, the Prime Minister of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on 2nd October 2014.

Globally, 50% of the population relies on on-site sanitation systems (OSS) such as septic tanks and pit latrines and is, hence, in need of Fecal Sludge Management (FSM) solutions. India is a classic example, given that its government built more than 100 million toilets with the majority relying on OSS.

With less than 10 years to meet the UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), action is still not happening at the speed or scale required - despite a groudswell of ambition and action from organisations of all sectors and sizes.

During the survey of 2,612 toilets reported by CPSEs to have been constructed, 200 toilets were not found constructed in the respective schools and 86 toilets were found to be only partially constructed. The non-existing and partially constructed toilets constituted 11 per cent of toilets surveyed.

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