Reducing water and power use by half and promoting renewable energy and public transport, will be the key elements of the government's urban development strategy for the next 20 years, according to a report.

The momentum of urbanization and its impacts are so massive that we must face up to this trend. In view of the existing cognitive, technical, economic and institutional path dependencies, a policy of business as usual – i.e. an unstructured, quasi-automatic urbanization – would lead to a non-sustainable ‘world cities society’.

The origin of cities can be traced back to the river valley civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus Valley and China. Initially these settlements were largely dependent upon agriculture; however, with the growth in population the city size increased and economic activity transformed to trading . The process of urbanization gained impetus with the Industrial Revolution 200 years ago and accelerated in the 1990s with globalization and consequent relaxation in market economy. (Guest Editorial)

Four Indian cities – Delhi, Mumbai Bangalure and Kolkata at the bottom of a global liveability survey of 181 cities prepared jointly by the Barcelona-based University of Navarrara’s IESE B

The African Economic Outlook 2016 presents the continent’s current state of affairs and forecasts its situation for the coming two years. This annual report examines Africa’s performance in crucial areas: macroeconomics, financing, trade policies and regional integration, human development, and governance.

The analysis of urban development of the past twenty years presented in this maiden edition of the World Cities Report shows, with compelling evidence, that there are new forms of collaboration and cooperation, planning, governance, finance and learning that can sustain positive change.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Conversion of City Waste into Compost Manure, 26/04/2016. The Government of India has approved a policy on promotion of City Compost. The salient features of the policy are at Annexure.

The report highlights the reforms required at state and local levels to implement smart cities in India. It recommends institutional, business-environment and sector-specific reforms to enhance public-private collaboration in India’s urban development programmes such as 100 smart cities and 500 AMRUT cities.

As the world’s urban population continues to grow, health inequities - especially between the richest and poorest urban populations - are a persistent challenge according to this new report by WHO and the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat).

The global urban population is expected to grow by 63 percent between 2014 and 2050 – compared to an overall global population growth of 32 percent during the same period.

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