Involving the community in slum improvement has worked successfully in the Philippines and Mexico. Hidebound bureaucrats in the Third World, who insist they know best, should learn a lesson from these experiments.
Tax reforms, which would penalise the unlimited use of nature, are fast becoming an imperative part of preparing national budgets, prodded by the realisation that ecological costs have to be accounted for, here and now. But will Manmohan Singh pay heed to
A large number of "economic instruments" are already being used in industrialised countries, according to a recent survey conducted by J B Opschoor of the Free University of Amsterdam. These economic instruments can be classified into five types: charges,