This research focuses on incorporating a representation of water supply and infrastructure costs into an energy systems model (SATIM-W) to better reflect the interdependent nature of the energy-water nexus in South Africa and the water supply challenges facing the energy system.

This report lays out the multi-billion dollar threats and opportunities of climate adaptation, exploring avenues to increase investment into adaptation. The report provides recommendations to overcome barriers to action.

Paris - Natural changes in the environment are responsible for about 40% of Arctic sea ice loss, while humans are to blame for the rest, says a climate study.

Climate variability and changes are the emerging challenges for Indian agriculture with the growing population to ensure national food security. A study was conducted to assess the Climatic Change effects in medium to low altitude areas of the Himalayan region causing changes in land use and cereal crop productivity with the various climatic parameters. The rainfall and temperature changes from 1951 to 2013 were studied at four locations of varying altitudes, namely Hardwar, Rudra Prayag, Uttar Kashi and Tehri Garwal.