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Chromium is found naturally in rocks, plants, soil and volcanic dust, and animals. The most common forms of chromium that occur in natural water in the environment are trivalent chromium (chromium III) and hexavalent chromium (chromium VI). Chromium III is far less toxic than chromium VI.

Mercury (Hg) is considered one of the top ten chemicals or group of chemicals of major public health concern by WHO. Mercury is found in both inorganic and organic forms in cosmetics. Intentional use of mercury salts is prohibited in non eye care cosmetics in several countries such as the US and the EU and India.

Both organic and inorganic colourants may contain heavy metals as impurity. Colourants are used to impart colour to almost all cosmetic products. Primarily they are of two types: Organic colourants such as dyes and organic pigments which are fairly soluble and lakes which are fairly insoluble. Inorganic colourants lack a carbon molecule.

“Trace” refers to very low levels of impurities/contaminants in a finished cosmetic product. Trace presence is likely to stem from impurities of natural or synthetic ingredients, the manufacturing process, storage and migration from packaging.

Acceptable daily intake (ADI) is commonly defined as the amount of a chemical to which a person can be exposed on a daily basis over an extended period of time (usually a lifetime) without suffering any deleterious effect.

Use of cosmetic products is increasing rapidly in India and various chemicals including the heavy metals are used in the cosmetics which pose health risk to consumers. The present study was conducted to determine heavy metals - lead, cadmium, chromium and nickel in lipsticks, lip-balm and anti-ageing creams and mercury in fairness creams available in the Delhi market. The results were compared with the available standards.

New CSE study finds mercury in fairness creams and chromium and nickel in lipsticks. Mercury is not permitted to be used in cosmetics in India – their mere presence in these products is illegal. India has very weak regulations and almost no enforcement, which is why some companies are getting away with flouting the law.

This study focuses on the binding affinity of chemicals that are the components of widely used cosmetics, with human DNA and CYP1A2 protein, which is involved in there deactivation and excretion. Study was carried on the 21 selected possibly toxic chemicals which may be involved in DNA adduct formation and show possible proteins binding affinity, then a docking analysis has been performed by an automated docking server known as Patchdock. The five chemicals with highest Patch Dock scores with both DNA and CYP1A2 were mostly found to be important ingredient of many cosmetic products.

This is the Seventy-ninth Report of the Committee on the Drugs and Cosmetics(Amendment) Bill, 2013 presented by the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Health and Family Welfare.

Environmental Defence ranks the largest cosmetics companies in Canada from best to worst on their chemical policies and use of toxic ingredients in their products. A new report finds the largest cosmetics companies in Canada still need to give their products and policies a makeover when it comes to toxic chemicals.

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