Human-emitted greenhouse gases (GHGs) have resulted in a long-term and unequivocal warming of the planet. More than 90% of the excess heat is stored within the world’s oceans, where it accumulates and causes increases in ocean temperature.
Researchers, consultants and facilitators working with climate services have key roles to play in helping science inform climate change adaptation policies and practices. This brief provides targeted recommendations for co-designing actionable and user-focused climate services.
Equilibrium climate sensitivity, the global surface temperature response to CO$_2$ doubling, has been persistently uncertain. Recent consensus places it likely within 1.5‐4.5K. Global climate models (GCMs), which attempt to represent all relevant physical processes, provide the most direct means of estimating climate sensitivity.
Escalating environmental degradation and the risk of climate change are attracting growing attention from both policy makers and the public. For Asian countries, decades of remarkable economic growth have had mixed results in terms of environmental implications.
This book presents current knowledge about ecosystem services (ES) in urban planning, and discusses various urban ES topics such as spatial distribution of urban ecosystems, population distribution, and physical infrastructure properties.
Extreme weather, driven by climate change, hit every populated continent in 2019, killing, injuring and displacing millions and causing billions of dollars of economic damage, according to a new report by Christian Aid.