This policy brief is based on previous research led by Professor Declan Conway at the London School of Economics and Political Science, in collaboration with researchers at University College London, the University of Pretoria and the University of East Anglia.
Since the Paris Climate Agreement solidified an “all hands on deck” approach to climate change, cities, regions and businesses have become key contributors to mitigation, adaptation and finance efforts.
This brochure highlights the aspects of a project collaboration between CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) South Asia and a private sector giant in India, ITC Limited.
Over the last 50 years more than 90 % of the excess heat excess accumulated in the climate system because of greenhouse gas emissions has been stored in the ocean. The rest has been warming the atmosphere and continents, and melting sea and land ice.
The transnational character of climate-related security risks often goes beyond the capacity of national governments to respond adequately. As such, it both creates challenges for and increases the relevance of intergovernmental organizations (IGOs).
This paper is part of an ongoing collaboration between the World Bank and the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization to raise awareness about the importance of water management in fragile systems and to propose strategic responses.