This annual statement confirms that 2016 was the warmest year on record, approximately 1.1 °C above the pre-industrial period, and 0.06 °C above the previous highest value set in 2015. Noteworthy extreme events in 2016 included severe droughts that brought food insecurity to millions in southern and eastern Africa and Central America.

The record-breaking heat that made 2016 the hottest year ever recorded has continued into 2017, pushing the world into “truly uncharted territory”, said WMO in its annual statement on the State of the Global Climate ahead of the World Meteorological Day

Central America is undergoing an important transition. Urban populations are increasing at accelerated speeds, bringing pressing challenges for development, as well as opportunities to boost sustained, inclusive and resilient growth.

This report lays out the multi-billion dollar threats and opportunities of climate adaptation, exploring avenues to increase investment into adaptation. The report provides recommendations to overcome barriers to action.

Future extreme sea levels (ESLs) and flood risk along European coasts will be strongly impacted by global warming. Yet, comprehensive projections of ESL that include mean sea level (MSL), tides, waves, and storm surges do not exist. Here, we show changes in all components of ESLs until 2100 in view of climate change. We find that by the end of this century, the 100-year ESL along Europe's coastlines is on average projected to increase by 57 cm for Representative Concentration Pathways (RCP)4.5 and 81 cm for RCP8.5.

Question raised in Rajya Sabha on Impact of Erratic Climate on Agricultural Production, 10/03/2017. There has been a significant fluctuation in production (as compared to trend) in important foodgrain crops grown in the country during last 10 years (between 2005-06 and 2014-15) due to erratic climatic behaviour (rainfall/droughts).

Despite the spectacular success of the green revolution and achieving self-sufficiency in food production, there are increasing concerns on sustaining the pace of agricultural growth to feed the large population of our country. Lack of yield breakthroughs, deteriorating soil health, groundwater depletion, declining size of operational holdings and labour shortage are some of the prime reasons for slow growth of agriculture. (Editorial)

Original Source

Question raised in Rajya Sabha on Uncertainties in Weather Patterns, 09/03/2017. Monsoon rainfall over India varies on different spatial and temporal scales.

Australians endured another intense summer, with more than 200 record-breaking extreme weather events driven by climate change, the Climate Council’s latest report has found.

Sydney's record-breaking weather juggernaut rolls on, with summer confirmed as the city's hottest for both days and nights over records stretching back 157 years.

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