The annual mean land surface air temperature averaged over India during 2020 was above normal. During the year, annual mean land surface air temperature averaged over the country was +0.290C above normal (based on the data of 1981-2010). The year 2020 was the eighth warmest year on record since nation-wide records commenced in 1901.
Flash droughts intensify rapidly after onset and cause short-term but devastating impacts on agriculture and the ecosystem. However, the drivers and characteristics of flash droughts in India have not been examined. The research show that flash droughts predominantly occur during the monsoon (June to September) in India.
Every rupee spent on the National Monsoon Mission (NMM) and on augmenting high-performance computing used for weather modelling has returned ₹50 in economic benefits to poor farmers and fishing families, a report said.
The pre-monsoon cyclone Viyaru in the Bay of Bengal during May 2013 traversed a long track from 5°N to 22°N over 7 days with basin-wide response, which was well captured by the time series observations of OMNI buoy network along with satellite data.
The Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Science & Technology, Environment, Forests and Climate Change considered the Demands for Grants (2020-21) of the Ministry of Earth Sciences in its meeting held on 17th February, 2020.
Climate over India during 2019 was above average with respect to temperature. The annual mean temperature for the country this year was +0.36°C above the 1981-2010 average, thus making the year 2019 as the seventh warmest year on record since the nation-wide records commenced in 1901.
The summer monsoon of 2019 began with a massive deficit in the all-India June rainfall of about 33% of the mean. This led to considerable anxiety since a large deficit in June had occurred last in the summer monsoon of 2014, which had turned out to be a drought.
Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Manoj Mishra Vs Union of India & Others dated 25/07/2019. Recharge of groundwater from Palla to Wazirabad in Delhi by creating water bodies and reservoirs in Yamuna flood plain area came up for consideration before the NGT on July 25, 2019. This would help in retaining excess flood water of the river during the monsoon season according to the application filed by the Irrigation and Flood Control Department of Delhi Government.