This brief demonstrates that the energy transition in the countries in which energy demand is accelerating is constrained by availability and affordability of finance. It examines the demand for capital in emerging economies and their current political economy and investment landscape.

Transparency in climate actions and support is an important pillar on which climate negotiations rest. This study presents an assessment tool – Capacity Building Assessment Matrix (CBAM) – to help quantify capacity building efforts and the gaps therein, with regards to climate transparency.

This report discusses the risks constraining renewable energy (RE) investments in Indonesia. Part of a series, which assesses barriers to the flow of capital into RE markets in emerging economies, it focuses on solar and wind energy, which are the major drivers of global RE investments.

This report, part of a series which assesses the obstacles to the flow of capital into renewable energy markets in emerging economies, investigates risks considered important by stakeholders in South Africa’s renewable energy market.

This study presents a proposed solution to the risk of renewable energy (RE) curtailment – a grid integration guarantee (GIG), which offers cover against tail-end curtailment risk with market-reflective pricing.

This report discusses the issues that impede the development of wind energy in India and undertakes a systematic analysis to propose pathways and interventions to achieve the national target.

This report presents the findings of a survey undertaken in east and central Delhi to gauge how residential consumers perceive rooftop solar technology, their levels of awareness, and their willingness to accept new business models. The report also highlights the drivers and barriers to the adoption of rooftop solar in India.

This feasibility study presents the structure and legal framework of a business design facility (the Facility) for clean energy projects in India. It addresses the urgent need for increasing the flow and affordability of private capital into clean energy markets in emerging economies.

This report analyses the risk perceptions of debt financiers towards solar photovoltaic (PV) and wind projects from 2014 to 2018. It also examines recent developments impacting the pace of capacity addition in India.

This policy brief examines the risks involved in the ‘change in law’ clause in renewable energy power purchase agreements (PPAs) in India. It recommends either making provisions more nuanced or revising existing provisions in future PPAs to reduce uncertainty and improve their bankability.

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