Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) are often used as substitutes for ozone-depleting substances (ODSs) in various sectors, including refrigeration, air-conditioning, aerosols, fire extinguishers, and foam blowing.

Governments around the world have taken different approaches to establish green banks. While each green bank has been set up in a unique context with differing obstacles and circumstances, certain steps are common to establishing either a new institution or transforming an existing institution to a green bank.

Persistence of subsistence agriculture based on small landholdings (78 per cent), dominance of rain-fed agriculture (60 per cent of net cropped area), inadequate market linkages, and poor coping capacity, among other factors, make the Indian agricultural system highly vulnerable to climate-change impacts.

Twelve critical minerals could play an important role in the success of the Make in India programme and the sustainable growth of the Indian economy, according to a study released by the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW).

The Indian Railways has installed a waste to energy (WtE) plant for biodegradable waste in its residential colony at Kishanganj in Delhi and has plans to build two more WtE projects at New Delhi and Jaipur railway stations.

Kerosene in India is primarily available as a subsidized commodity for household use, and was added to the basket of Public Distribution System (PDS) commodities during the 2nd Five Year Plan (FYP). Kerosene has been continued as a subsidised fuel to provide affordable cooking and illumination (lighting) to households for the last 60 years.

India is at a critical juncture in scaling renewable energy to provide energy access to growing cities and vast rural communities.

India is at a critical juncture in scaling renewable energy to provide energy access to its growing cities and vast rural communities. Financing remains the principal barrier to the rapid expansion of India’s clean energy market needed to meet the ambitious national target of 175 gigawatts (GW) of solar, wind and other renewable energy by 2022.

Worldwide, there is a growing recognition of the role of energy access in the last mile delivery of community services. However, in India, energy access has had a strong household-level focus, while its role as an enabler of better health and education services has not gained enough attention.

India’s goal to dramatically expand solar energy could trigger a green jobs boom adding one million new engineers, technicians, solar installers, maintenance workers and performance data monitors to its workforce, according to a new report released in connection with a “Make in India” conference in Mumbai.