Ninety-two per cent of the electricity-deprived population of India lives in rural areas. Farm power availability is a third of that of China. More than four million rural micro-enterprises in India mention lack of reliable electricity as a major bottleneck to their business.

Access to daily hours of grid electricity is strongly associated with people’s subjective satisfaction with power supply. But users of off-grid solar power are less sensitive to the number of hours available.

The report attempts to bridge the knowledge gap through the analysis of 1600 farmers’ interviews, and 10 focused group discussions with farmers. The study is focused on Uttar Pradesh, the state with the largest population of farmers in the country.

Solar pumps could improve access to sustainable irrigation for farmers in India. The central government is committed to supporting solar pumps through capital subsidy schemes.

Solar-powered irrigation systems (SPIS) offer significant opportunities to facilitate irrigation access in an environmentally-sustainable manner. In India, with a substantial government support in form of capital subsidies, over 100,000 solar pumps had been installed by December 2016.

According to data from GARV2, 37 per cent of households in Odisha are unelectrified, even as over 98 per cent of villages in the state have been electrified.

This briefing paper reports on the largest energy access survey ever conducted in India, covering a representative sample of the rural poor across six states with interviews in 8,566 households.

In India, only 46 per cent of the cultivated land is irrigated. With more than 19 million agriculture electricity connections, irrigation accounts for more than a fifth of the country’s total power sales.

Kerosene in India is primarily available as a subsidized commodity for household use, and was added to the basket of Public Distribution System (PDS) commodities during the 2nd Five Year Plan (FYP). Kerosene has been continued as a subsidised fuel to provide affordable cooking and illumination (lighting) to households for the last 60 years.

Only a fifth of rural households in India have access to an LPG connection and 95% of rural households use some form of traditional fuel for cooking, the largest energy access survey in

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