Solar-powered irrigation systems (SPIS) offer significant opportunities to facilitate irrigation access in an environmentally-sustainable manner. In India, with a substantial government support in form of capital subsidies, over 100,000 solar pumps had been installed by December 2016.

In India, only 46 per cent of the cultivated land is irrigated. With more than 19 million agriculture electricity connections, irrigation accounts for more than a fifth of the country’s total power sales.

Worldwide, there is a growing recognition of the role of energy access in the last mile delivery of community services. However, in India, energy access has had a strong household-level focus, while its role as an enabler of better health and education services has not gained enough attention.

India has witnessed a considerable increase in domestic consumption of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) over the years and the phenomenal rise in the number of LPG connections in the country is testimony to it. However, only 28.5% of households reported LPG as their primary fuel for cooking, during Census 2010-11.

Power from solar energy contributed only 0.41% of overall power demand in India in 2013-14. A cumulative installed capacity (CIC) of 100 GW of solar power by 2021-22 would help scale up India’s solar capacity to 9% of total power demand.