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Question raised in Rajya Sabha on Status of open defecation in rural areas, 27/03/2017. The focus of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) is on behaviour change of people to adopt safe sanitation and use toilet. In order to educate the people, the programme lays emphasis on community involvement.

Question raised in Rajya Sabha on Sanitation scheme for villages, 27/03/2017. Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) is under implementation in 675 districts. All areas in a district including hilly areas are supposed to be covered under the programme. State/UT wise details is at Annexure 1.

Question raised in Rajya Sabha on Open defecation free villages, 27/03/2017. State-wise, number of villages declared open defecation free as on 10th March, 2017 is at Annexure-1. Sanitation Coverage as on 2.10.2014 were 41.64% and 31.82% in Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh respectively which has increased to 77.58% and 56.71% respectively as on 23.3.2017. 60% and 31% villages of Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh have been declared Open Defecation Free (ODF). Also 5 districts of Chhattisgarh and 2 districts of Madhya Pradesh have been declared ODF.

This report shares a series of solutions, policy responses and case studies from UNICEF’s work around the world. In times of drought or flood, in areas where the sea level has risen or ice and snow have unseasonably melted, children are at risk, as the quality and quantity of water available to them is under threat.

Across the world 663 million people still do not have access to water; the vast majority of them - over half a billion - live in rural areas.

Order of the National Green Tribunal (Western Zone Bench, Pune) in the matter of Mukta Sathe & Ors. Vrs. Ministry of Railways, Govt. of India & Ors. dated 21/03/2017 regarding equipping railway coaches with eco-friendly bio-toilets.

Question raised in Rajya Sabha on Status of implementation of drinking water and sanitation schemes, 20/03/2017. The State /UT-wise details of implementation of ongoing schemes under National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) in the country is at Annexure-I. The Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) (SBM(G)) has been launched on 2nd October, 2014, which aims at attaining Swachh Bharat by 2nd October 2019. The focus of the scheme is on behavior change and usage of toilets. Currently, Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) is under implementation in 675 districts.

A women's group in Luweero District has taken the campaign to boost hygiene and sanitation practices to another level.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Sewage Generation, 09/03/2017. The increase in quantum of sewage is not attributed to construction of more toilets across the country under Swachh Bharat Mission. Sewage is one which is flowing through network sewers. It may go to treatment facility or disposed elsewhere with or without treatment.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Sanitation Standard, 09/03/2017. The Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) (SBM-G) entails freedom from open defecation and management of solid and liquid waste. The SBM-G guidelines also provide setting up systems for scientific disposal of waste.

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