The Committee on Subordinate Legislationpresent this Forty-third Report on Rules/ Regulations governing the implementation of Swachh Bharat Mission Programme in Urban and Rural Areas. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan or Clean India Campaign is one of the most ambitious projects undertaken by the Government of India.

Sanitation is one of the most pressing global challenges that the world faces today. Despite significant advancements in coverage since the 1990s, a vast proportion of the global population still lacks access to safe sanitation. Almost 2.3 billion people still do not have access to sanitation and 892 million still defecate in the open.

Order of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of Nagar Palika Parishad, Vrindavan & Others Vs Madhumangal Shukla & Others dated 21/01/2019 regarding dumping of municipal waste at Vrindavan and on the banks of the Yamuna. The National Green Tribunal in its order had issued costs for non-compliance with its previous orders in regard to regulating the dumping of municipal waste at Vrindavan.

India is one of the fastest growing countries in the world and urbanisation is both a challenge and an opportunity for India with huge implications for the rest of the world. One critical concern for India’s urbanising future is the provision of basic urban services for all its citizens.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Giriraj Parikrama Sanrakshan Sansthan & Ors. Vs. Department of Environment & Forests & Others dated 24/09/2018 regarding unauthorized structures in Govardhan in Mathura district, Uttar Pradesh. The Court has been informed that the work for domestic sewage connections in the town of Goverdhan has already been started and also the ETP at Mansi Ganga has been installed.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Environment Pollution & Health Hazard in the State Vs.

Access to safe, clean sanitation facilities throughout the day is important as safely managed sanitation helps protect both human health and the environment. Although there has been impressive progress in recent years, the challenge will only increase, as work towards safely managed sanitation for all.

According to Census 2011, Bihar reported 11.67 million urban population i.e. 11.25% of total population of state, dwelling in 199 urban centers (which accounts 3.14% of total urban population of country). The state has 143 statutory towns and 56 census towns.

Over half the world’s population now lives in urban areas and a large proportion of them lives without improved sanitation. Efforts to tackle open defecation in rural areas has been led by the Community-led Total Sanitation (CLTS) movement.

There is a high correlation between urbanisation and the emission of greenhouse gases. Landfills and sewers in cities generate 15% of methane emissions; this sector offers immense possibilities for the mitigation of methane emissions in Asian megacities. Capturing methane by efficiency improvements in the working of both sewage treatment plants and sanitary landfills has co-benefits in terms of both public health as well as mitigating climate change.

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