This was a preliminary observational study which aimed to examine whether there are any early observed differences in the health outcomes of the children from the selected ODF villages vis-à-vis. the selected non-ODF villages of the five Indian states - Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

UNICEF was requested by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation to conduct a study to assess the economic impacts of the Swachh Bharat Gramin in rural areas.

UNICEF was requested by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation to conduct a study to assess the economic impacts of the Swachh Bharat Gramin in rural areas.

The report aims to assess the current status of rural sanitation coverage and usage of toilets at a pan India level as well as at state level. It also provides an independent evaluation of the progress made so far under Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin).

The paper draws significant inputs and builds on the thematic Sector Financing WASH paper prepared by the Secretariat for SACOSAN VII, Ministry of Climate Change, Government of Pakistan.

The National Annual Rural Sanitation Survey (NARSS) 2017-18, conducted by an Independent Verification Agency (IVA) under the World Bank support project to the Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin (SBM-G), has found that 93.4% of the households in rural India who have access to a toilet use it.

The Government of India’s NFHS–4 offers the best new data on open defecation in rural India to be eleased in over a decade. Although open defecation has become less common than it was 10 years ago, it is still highly prevalent, with more than half of rural households reporting open defecation. On average, change has been slow, even during the period of the Swachh Bharat Mission.

The paper draws significant inputs and builds on the thematic Sector Financing WASH paper prepared by the Secretariat for SACOSAN VII, Ministry of Climate Change, Government of Pakistan.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on ODF Villages, 21/12/2017. As on 19.12.2017, 2,93,753 villages have been declared Open Defecation Free (ODF) and out of which 1, 81,771 villages have been verified for ODF.

The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) has indicted the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), a nodal central agency to implement the government's flagship 'Namami Gange' programme, for delay in executing the Ganga cleaning projects, non-utilisation of fund meant for river cleaning and lapses in monitoring.

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