This Report of the Standing Committee on Rural Development (2018-19) deals with the action taken by the Government on the Observations/Recommendations contained in their Fifty-first Report (Sixteenth Lok Sabha) on "Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin (SBM-G) in States/UTs" of the Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation.

Despite significant efforts to increase latrine ownership, open defecation remains a challenge across rural India. Structural and economic barriers cannot sufficiently explain the stubborn persistence of open defecation among latrine owners; social norms and cultural schema, however, appear to be influential.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Sanitation in Rural Areas, 13/12/2018. The status of rural sanitation coverage in the country at the launch of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) [SBM(G)] was 38.70%.Since the launch of the SBM in October 2014, rural sanitation coverage has crossed 97%. State/UT-wise and year-wise number of Individual household latrines (IHHLs) constructed under SBM(G)since its launch with effect from 02.10.2014 are given at Annexure-1.State/UT-wise status of coverage of household toilets under SBM(G) as on 10.12.2018 is given at Annexure-2.

This report is the culmination of a study conducted by the Accountability Initiative (AI) on Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin in 2017 on the request of the Udaipur district administration. The study understands the outcomes, and the processes, which led to Open Defecation Free status in selected Gram Panchayats.

TParliamentary committee on rural development dismissed the central government’s claim of achieving about 84 per cent of the sanitation coverage in the rural areas u

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin), 19/07/2018. Rural sanitation coverage in the country at the launch of Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) [SBM(G)] on 2.10.2014 was 38.7%. State/UT-wise details of coverage as on 2.10.2014 andIndividual household latrines (IHHLs) constructed from 2.10.2014 to 16.7.2018, yearwise, are given in Annexure-1. State-wisepercentage households with access to toilets and toilet usages isgiven at Annexure-2.

The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS) has commissioned “Swachh Sarvekshan Grameen-2018” (SSG, 2018) through an independent survey agency to develop ranking of all districts of India on the basis of quantitative and qualitative sanitation (Swachhata) parameters.

This paper analyses the effectiveness of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) by analyzing the financial and physical progress of the mission and the manner in which funds have been allocated and sanctioned to different activities in various states.

This was a preliminary observational study which aimed to examine whether there are any early observed differences in the health outcomes of the children from the selected ODF villages vis-à-vis. the selected non-ODF villages of the five Indian states - Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

UNICEF was requested by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation to conduct a study to assess the economic impacts of the Swachh Bharat Gramin in rural areas.

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