This report aims to explore the nuances of the prevalence of on-site sanitation systems in large and dense villages of India.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Open Defecation Free, 21/11/2019. The Government had launched Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) [SBM(G)] with effect from 2nd October, 2014 with the aim to attain Open Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2nd October, 2019 by providing access to toilet facilities to all the rural households in the country.

This document outlines the ten year strategy for sanitation in rural areas in India from 2019 to 2029, which is aimed at achieving the vision of ODF Plus.

The Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation had commissioned “Swachh Survekshan Grameen-2019” (SSG 2019) through an independent survey agency to develop ranking of all districts of India on the basis of quantitative and qualitative sanitation (swachhata) parameters.

With the aim to improve sanitation facility in rural areas, the state government has drafted Rural Sanitation Policy to make every village ‘Swachh and Sustha’ (clean and healthy). The Panchyati Raj and Drinking Water Department has drafted the policy.

Safely managed sanitation is a focus of the SDGs and central to stunting reduction and early childhood survival, both identified by the World Bank's Human Capital Index as critical for humans to develop their full potential. In 2015, 4.5 billion people lacked access to safely managed sanitation.

The book is a compilation of media coverage of the major milestones of the Swachh Bharat Mission since 2014.

The purpose of scientific study is to ascertain contamination levels, related to human and animal faecal contamination in Environmental Medium viz. Water, Soil and Food in 4 numbers of villages each in one ODF and one non-ODF district in each of the three states viz. Bihar, Odisha and West Bengal.

The aim of this white paper is to explore the nuances of the prevalence of on-site sanitation systems in large and dense villages of India.

Under the twin-pit system, two pits are dug with honeycombed walls and earthen floors which allow liquid to percolate into the surrounding soil

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