Safe sanitation and clean surroundings have an immense impact on health, productivity, safety and dignity, and are vital for an enhanced quality of life.

The state of Odisha has made unprecedented strides in increasing access to individual toilets from 14% in 2011 to a purported 100% in 2019 under the Swachh Bharat Mission - Gramin.

To accelerate the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage and to put focus on safe sanitation, the Prime Minister of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on 2nd October 2014.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Gurmail Singh Vs State of Punjab & Others dated 11/09/2020.

The proceedings were for execution of order August 5, 2019 in 492/2019. Vide NGT order of March 4, 2020, a factual and action taken report was sought from the Punjab Pollution Control Board (PPCB) with reference to the allegation of non-removal of dirty sludge and sewage water from the residential area at village Kot Khurd, Jalandhar, Punjab.

This booklet provides operational guidelines for the implementation of the Phase-II of Swachh Bharat Mission in rural (Grameen) areas of India, which have been formulated based on Union Governments' approval of Phase-II of Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) [SBM(G)] in February 2020.

With the key objective of SBMG Phase I attained, the Government of India renewed its commitment to further enhance the sanitation and hygiene status in rural areas with the approval of Phase II of the programme.

Under SBM(G), the funds are released to State/UT Governments. Further release of the funds to the districts/panchayats/beneficiaries is done by the States/UTs. Since 2014-15 till date, a total amount of Rs.4224.98 crore has been released by the Government of India to Rajasthan under SBM(G), and the State has utilized Rs.3997.24 crore as per the Utilisation Certificates received. BM(G) is a demand driven scheme, hence fixed State/district-wise targets are not set under this scheme.

This report aims to explore the nuances of the prevalence of on-site sanitation systems in large and dense villages of India.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Open Defecation Free, 21/11/2019. The Government had launched Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) [SBM(G)] with effect from 2nd October, 2014 with the aim to attain Open Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2nd October, 2019 by providing access to toilet facilities to all the rural households in the country.

This document outlines the ten year strategy for sanitation in rural areas in India from 2019 to 2029, which is aimed at achieving the vision of ODF Plus.

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