A report on “assessment of pollution of drains carrying sewage /industrial effluent joining river Ganga and its tributaries (Kali-East/Ramganga) between Haridwar (Down) to Kanpur (Down)” Submitted to Hon'ble NGT in the matter of M C Mehta vs Union of India & ORS (March 27 , 2017).

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Cleaning of Rivers, 14/03/2017. Pollution abatement of rivers is a continuous and ongoing process. State Governments/ concerned local bodies are responsible for setting up facilities for collection, transportation and treatment of sewage as well as proper disposal of dead bodies for abatement of pollution of rivers. This Ministry has been supplementing the efforts of the State Governments in abatement of pollution in identified stretches of various rivers in the country under National River Conservation Plan (NRCP).

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Capacity of Sewage Treatment Plants, 14/03/2017. As per a report published by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) in March, 2015, the sewage generation from urban areas in the country is estimated at 61,948 million litres per day (mld), against which a sewage treatment capacity of 23,277 mld, or 37% of the sewage generation is available. The State-wise details of sewage generation from urban areas and corresponding sewage treatment capacity available are at Annexure.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Sewage Generation, 09/03/2017. The increase in quantum of sewage is not attributed to construction of more toilets across the country under Swachh Bharat Mission. Sewage is one which is flowing through network sewers. It may go to treatment facility or disposed elsewhere with or without treatment.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Discharge of Sewage into Ganga River, 09/03/2017. As per data available from Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), the total sewage generation in Ganga basin states from all the Class-I and Class-II cities is 11386.60 Million Liters per Day (MLD).

A sewage leak, which Watercare says was caused by someone flushing wet wipes down the toilet, has left the water in an east Auckland creek black and filled with dead fish and eels.

Question raised in Rajya Sabha on New Technologies for Solid Waste Management, 02/02/2017. As per the assessment made by Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) for 2015, the sewage generation in the urban areas of the country is estimated to be about 61,948 MLD (approx.) and sewage treatment capacity is for 23,277 MLD, which is about 37.6% of the total sewage generation. Further, as per the data available till Dec. 2016, the total amount of Solid waste generated in the urban areas of the country is about 1,57,478 MT/D, of which only 21.51% is being treated.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Ashutosh Kumar Sharma Vs. State of Uttar Pradesh & Others dated 23/01/2017 regarding sewage disposal in
village Shobhapur, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh. The Applicant has stated that till now there was no sewage line or mode of sewage discharge or treatment.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Almitra H. Patel & Others Vs. Union of India & Others dated 10/01/2017 regarding generation and management of municipal solid wastes in India.

The main causes attributed to the Pollution of River Ganga are due to disposal of industrial and domestic sewage effluent directly by drains or indirectly through tributaries.