This document is part of a series of guidebooks that address various aspects of monitoring and assessment of freshwater. It describes the main features of groundwater that govern its quantity, availability and chemical quality.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of In re: News item published in the Newspaper named, The Times of India dated 05.07.2022 titled “Dead fish in Najafgarh drain, pollution could be to blame” dated 11/07/2022.

Most of Europe’s urban waste water treatment plants have focused on cleaning water and returning it to the environment in just a simple, linear approach.

The SDG indicator 6.3.2 (SDG 632) methodology helps countries to report on ambient water quality in a consistent and straightforward manner and has undergone several iterations since conception in 2016.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of In re: News item published on 21.11.2021 in the Indian Express titled “Lakes of Bengaluru : Industrial effluents, raw sewage; stinky tale of Chandrapura lake” dated March 29, 2022. The matter related to damage to the Chandrapura lake and failure of statutory regulators to take remedial action. The media report mentions that the buffer zone of the lake has been encroached upon and waste is being dumped into the lake. It is choked by encroachments and affected by effluents and waste.

This document reviews water monitoring frameworks for mine water management by governments. Mining activity has the potential to affect many aspects of the environment, and the responsible management of natural resources is key to preserving them for future generations.

Metal contamination in river water is increasingly becoming common in India. Presence of metals in river water in excesses may cause a significant threat to human health and ecological systems. The present report attempts to provide the water quality scenario of Indian rivers in respect of trace and toxic metals.

Barely anywhere in the world does water have more value as an economic asset and for social development than in the Horn of Africa. According to most definitions, Somalia is classified as a water scarce country.

This third edition of report on "water quality hotspots in rivers of India” is based on the data of 10 nos. of water quality parameters observed during 2010-2020 at 588 water quality monitoring stations out of 764 stations of CWC.

The Ministry of Jal Shakti released the ‘Drinking water quality monitoring & surveillance framework’ for proper functioning of water quality testing laboratories, timely detection of any water quality contamination, redressal mechanism thus, ensuring quality of tap water and sources.