Under the loom of extreme climatic perturbations, human expansion and rising demand, world’s freshwater reserves are expected to suffer severe setbacks in the coming years. A major task for the international authorities in this regard is to develop a reliable inventory of existing potable water sources and identify the challenges therein. The main objective of this study was to present a spatial summary of ‘safe’ water sources in India using the most ‘authentic’, cross-sectional, open-sourced census database for 2011 ranging from household to state level.

An intensive research on ways to counter the health effects of flouride on human health is underway here.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Fluoride in Drinking Water, 20/07/2017. State-wise number of habitations affected by fluoride, arsenic and other heavy metals as reported by the States into integrated management information system (IMIS) of the Ministry as on 14th July, 2017 is at Annexure-I. Under National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP), Up to 67% fund allocated to the states can be utilized for coverage & tackling water quality problems.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Contamination of Ground Water, 20/07/2017. Ground water quality data generated by Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) during various scientific studies and ground water quality monitoring indicates that contamination of ground water in isolated pockets in parts of various States. Contamination is both geo-genic and anthropogenic in nature including due to use of pesticides and fertilizers.

About 76 percent of rural habitations in India have achieved a fully covered (FC) status, under the National Rural Drinking Water Program, with basic minimum service level of 40 liters per capita daily (lpcd), but this coverage is primarily through hand-pumps and does not necessarily translate into sustainable and good quality service delivery.

Despite facing a major problem of water contamination, the Rajasthan government failed to use allocated budget for redressal of water quality related problems under the National Rural Drinking Wate

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Arsenic and Fluoride in Ground Water, 06/04/2017. Number of habitations and population affected by fluoride and arsenic contamination in

Order of the National Green Tribunal (Western Zone Bench, Pune) in the matter of Asim Sarode & Ors. Vs the Collector, Nanded & Others regarding unregulated groundwater extraction leading to over exploitation of the groundwater resources with resultant increase in concentration of the fluorides in the groundwater, Maharashtra.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Fluorides in Ground Water, 16/03/2017. State-wise number of fluoride affected habitations ( more than permissible level prescribed by Bureau of Indian Standards for drinking water) as reported by the States into Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) of the Ministry as on 10th March, 2017 is at Annexure-I.

The parliamentary Committee on Budget has promised to set aside funds in the 2017-18 financial year to resolve the problem of high fluoride content in water consumed in Naivasha.

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