Report of oversight committee in compliance of order of the National Green Tribunal in O.A. 384/2019 in the matter of Sunita Pandey Vs Union of India & Others.

The matter related to contamination of groundwater due to arsenic and non availability of clean drinking water in Bahraich, Ballia, Balrampur, Bareilly, Basti, Bijnor, Chandauli, Ghazipur, Gonda, Gorakhpur, Lakhimpur Kheri, Meerut, Mirzapur, Moradabad, Rai Bareilly, Sant Kabir Nagar, Shajahanpur, Siddharthnagar, Sant Ravidas Nagar and Unnao and certain other districts in Uttar Pradesh.

Affidavit by Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Ministry of Jal Shakti in compliance to the directions as contained in the National Green Tribunal order of January 28, 2020 in the matter of Sunita Pandey & Others Vs Union of India & Others dated 12/05/2020. The matter relates to provision of potable drinking water supply to arsenic and fluoride affected habitations.

Rural water supply is a State subject. Government of India supplements the efforts of States/ UTs by providing financial and technical assistance through the centrally sponsored scheme Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM)which aims at providing potable water to every rural household with Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) at service level of 55 litre per capita per day (lpcd) by 2024.While allocating the fund under JJM to States/ UTs, 10% weightage has been given to the population residing in habitations affected by chemical contaminants including Arsenic and Iron.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Sunita Pandey & Others Vs Union of India & Others dated 11/09/2019 regarding contamination of groundwater due to Arsenic and availability of clean drinking water in Bahraich, Ballia, Balrampur, Bareilly, Basti, Bijnor, Chandauli, Ghazipur, Gonda, Ghorakpur, Lakhimpur Kheri, Meerut, Mirzapur, Muradabad, Rai Bareilly, Santkabirnagar, Shajahanpur, Siddharthnagar, Sant Ravidas Nagar and Unnao and certain other districts in Uttar Pradesh and other similarly affected areas in the country including in Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Karnataka,

Water quantity—too much in the case of floods, or too little in the case of droughts—grabs public attention and the media spotlight. Water quality—being predominantly invisible and hard to detect—goes largely unnoticed.

Tao Guangfa, a 67-year-old Chinese villager, still remembers how people used to be afraid to eat corn, rice and other crops in the fields and along a waterway around a local arsenic mine.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Chemical Contamination of Water, 27/06/2019. State-wise details of areas affected by Arsenic and other contaminants viz. Salinity, Fluoride, Nitrate, Lead, Cadmium and Chromium in ground water, as per data available with CGWB are given at Annexure.

Arsenic is a naturally occurring trace element found in rocks, soils and the water in contact with them. Arsenic has been recognized as a toxic element and is considered a human health hazard. The occurrence of Arsenic in ground water was first reported in 1980 in West Bengal in India.

The report entitled "Report on Ground water quality in shallow aquifers in India" summarizes various aspects of ground water quality in the shallow aquifers in the country with special reference to six parameters viz. salinity, chloride, arsenic, fluoride, iron and nitrate.

This study assesses the current state of knowledge and perceptions of arsenic contamination in rice among different stakeholders in Cambodia and identifies major knowledge gaps and possible policy responses to the issue.

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