JOHANNESBURG - "Look at my spinach. That is the sand from the mine. The yellow one in the soil -- it's destroying everything," said Thabo Ngubane as he tended his small allotment in Soweto.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Contaminated Drinking Water, 21/12/2017. State / UT-wise number of fluoride, arsenic, iron, nitrate, salinity & heavy metals affected habitations including Bihar and West Bengal States, as reported by the States into Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) of the Ministry as on 19th December, 2017 is at Annexure-I. State / UT-wise number of habitations in the category of fully covered, partially covered and quality affected, as reported by the states into IMIS of the Ministry as on 19th December,2017 is at Annexure-II.

Question raised in Rajya Sabha on Areas affected by arsenic contaminated water, 18/12/2017. State /District / Union Territory wise number of arsenic affected habitations in the country as reported by the States in Integrated Management Information System (IMIS) of the Ministry as on 13th December, 2017 is at Annexure.

Order of the National Green Tribunal (Eastern Zone Bench, Kolkata) in the matter of Subhas Datta Vs State of West Bengal & Others dated 27/10/2017 regarding arsenic contaminated areas in West Bengal. Subhas Datta the Applicant has filed an affidavit highlighting the specific arsenic contaminated areas for conducting survey on the plight of the people living there and names of some experts, which is ordered to be taken on record.

Circulating metals from both the natural environment and pollution have been linked to cardiovascular disease. However, few prospective studies have investigated the associations between exposure to multiple metals and incident coronary heart disease (CHD).

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Arsenic contamination in shallow groundwater aquifers remains a major barrier to providing access to safe drinking water in Bangladesh. Chronic exposure to arsenic has been shown to cause serious health impacts, including various cancers, skin lesions, neurological damage, heart disease, and hypertension.

Under the loom of extreme climatic perturbations, human expansion and rising demand, world’s freshwater reserves are expected to suffer severe setbacks in the coming years. A major task for the international authorities in this regard is to develop a reliable inventory of existing potable water sources and identify the challenges therein. The main objective of this study was to present a spatial summary of ‘safe’ water sources in India using the most ‘authentic’, cross-sectional, open-sourced census database for 2011 ranging from household to state level.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Fluoride in Drinking Water, 20/07/2017. State-wise number of habitations affected by fluoride, arsenic and other heavy metals as reported by the States into integrated management information system (IMIS) of the Ministry as on 14th July, 2017 is at Annexure-I. Under National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP), Up to 67% fund allocated to the states can be utilized for coverage & tackling water quality problems.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on Contamination of Ground Water, 20/07/2017. Ground water quality data generated by Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) during various scientific studies and ground water quality monitoring indicates that contamination of ground water in isolated pockets in parts of various States. Contamination is both geo-genic and anthropogenic in nature including due to use of pesticides and fertilizers.

About 76 percent of rural habitations in India have achieved a fully covered (FC) status, under the National Rural Drinking Water Program, with basic minimum service level of 40 liters per capita daily (lpcd), but this coverage is primarily through hand-pumps and does not necessarily translate into sustainable and good quality service delivery.

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