Water being a State subject, initiatives on sustainable water management including conservation and water harvesting in the Country is primarily States’ responsibility. Further, a number of States have done notable work in the field of water conservation/harvesting.

Question raised in Lok Sabha on loss due to floods and thunder storms, 03/03/2020. Several States in the country have been affected by natural calamities including thunder storms and floods during 2019-20.

Order of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of The State of Maharashtra Vs The State of Goa Chief Engineer & Others dated 20/02/2020 regarding publishing the award dated August 14, 2018 of the Mahadayi Water Disutes Tribunal for sharing of water between Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra from the Mahadayi river.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Vinod Kumar Jaiswal Vs State of Maharashtra dated 13/02/2020 regarding illegal running of an industrial unit for manufacturing of packaged drinking water in CTS No. 12369/361, Plot No. 40, Ahinsangar, Aurangabad which is stated to be a residential area. Unauthorized drawal of groundwater through dug well and bore well was also alleged.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Bombay Environment Action Group Vs Union of India & Others dated 13/02/2020 regarding protection of Matheran Eco-sensitive Zone.

The recent growth in traction for zero budget natural farming (ZBNF) in India should be considered within the context of the growing agrarian crisis, as the gap worsens between input costs (including fertilizers, pesticides, agrichemicals, seeds, water, electricity, labour and farm loans) and the final prices that farmers (especially small-scale

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Twentyone Sugars Ltd. through their Director Vs Member Secretary Central Pollution Control Board & Others dated 06/02/2020 regarding closure of the sugar industry 'Maharashtra Shetkari Sugar Ltd' for not having installed Online Effluent and Emission Monitoring System (OEEMS).

Order of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of Ulhasnagar Municipal Corporation Vs Vanashakti Public Trust & Others dated 05/2/2020 regarding cleaning up of the Ulhas and Waldhuni rivers in Thane district, Maharashtra.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Janardan Kundalikrao Pharande & Others Vs Ministry of Environment & Forests & Others Vs 04/02/2020 regarding remedial action to be taken for the damage to the environment caused by M/s. Jubilant Organic Limited, Nimbut-Nira, District Pune, Maharashtra in the course of its distillery unit’s activity. Present proceedings are for execution of judgment of the Tribunal dated 16.05.2014 holding that the unit had caused damage to the environment and was liable to take remedial measures and to pay compensation.

Maharashtra is the second largest sugar producing state of India and is known for its high efficiency. The sector relies on informal workers, migrating from drought-prone Marathwada region, working as cane-cutters. Living and working conditions of these workers are exploitative, which keep them in a vicious circle of poverty and indebtedness.