Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Ram Avatar Yadav Vs Union of India & Others dated 14/11/2019 regarding non-forest activities on 260 acres of forest land comprising of Aravali plantation and Gair Mumkin Pahad in the village Mandawar, Gurugram District, Haryana without any forest clearance. The area is wildlife corridor. Felling of trees will be illegal and adversely impact air quality.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Sonatan Biswas Vs The District Forest Officer, Allpore & Others dated 06/11/2019 regarding felling of mangrove trees on the two banks of Kanmari Natural Canal, Jharkhali, South 24-Parganas Division, West Bengal.

Order of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of In Re Felling of Trees in Aarey Forest (Maharashtra) dated 21/10/2019 regarding felling of trees in Aarey for constructing a car shed for Mumbai metro.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Janesh Mahajan Vs State of Himachal Pradesh & Others dated 16/10/2019 regarding illegal construction of a hotel in Cantonment area of Chamba District, Himachal Pradesh. Consent of the Himachal Pradesh State Pollution Control Board (HPSPCB) as per Water Act 1974 and Air Act 1981 was lacking as per the report of the HPSPCB. Further, the constructions would result in uprooting of trees. The

Order of the Supreme Court of India in the matter of Re: Felling of trees in Aarey Forest dated 07/10/2019 regarding felling of trees in Aarey, Borivali, Mumbai. Tushar Mehta, Solicitor General appearing for the state of Maharashtra has stated before the SC that no more tree would be cut till the next date of hearing.

Judgement of the High Court of Judicature at Bombay in the matter of Zoru Darayus Bhathena Vs Tree Authority, Mumbai and Others dated 04/10/2019 regarding Tree Authority's decision to remove 2646 trees at Aarey (2185 cut and 461 transplant) for construction of Metro car depot by the Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. (MMRCL).

Judgement of the High Court of Judicature at Bombay in the matter of Vanashakti & Others Vs Union of India & Others dated 04/10/2019. Applications were filed for declaring the entire area of Aarey Colony ad measuring 1280 hectare as a ‘Reserved Forest’ or a ‘Protected Forest’ as the case may be, under the Indian Forest Act, 1927 and direct Forest Department Government of Maharashtra to issue a formal notification to that effect under the Indian Forest Act, 1927.

In September 2014, a broad coalition of governments, companies, civil society, and indigenous peoples’ organizations endorsed the New York Declaration on Forests (NYDF).

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Jorjo Tana Tara Vs Union of India & Others dated 30/08/2019 regarding indiscriminate felling of trees in reserved forest area which is part of Papum Reserved Forest, and part of Pakke Tiger Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh. Even though the government authorities were aware of the fact, no effective action was taken. Such large scale felling can create man-animal conflict threatening the survival of tigers in the area. The forests are also sites for hornbill breeding and nesting.

Within a landscape of overlapping ecological, social and economic priorities, plans and programmes aim to balance land use dynamics to combine natural resource management with environmental and livelihood considerations. However, in striving to reach such a balance, people and local institutions are often excluded or forgotten.

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