Currently only one third of rail network in the ESCAP region is electrified -indicating substantial use of diesel for traction and non-traction purposes. And the diesel-powered trains emit at least twice as much CO2 in the atmosphere than electric ones.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of In re: News item published in The Hindu, dated 29.05.2021 titled “Night, early morning trains cause most elephant deaths” dated 08/07/2021.

The NGT directed the Central Monitoring Committee constituted by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) dealing with the project ‘Elephant’ to look into the issue raised in the media report in coordination with the railway authorities, the Wildlife Institute of India and the states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala.

Order of the Chhattisgarh High Court in the matter of Suo Moto WP (PIL) Vs State of Chhattisgarh & Others dated 22/04/2021.

A new study commissioned by the EEA shows a clear hierarchy of passenger and freight transport modes, in terms of their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Rail and waterborne transport have the lowest emissions per kilometre and unit transported, while aviation and road transport emit significantly more.

Traveling by plane, train or automobile: the most environmentally sound choice may not always be clear. The latest annual Transport and Environment Report 2020 (TERM) addresses the issue assessing the value of travel by train and plane, amid efforts to put in place the European Union’s green deal.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Shivansh Pandey Vs State of Uttar Pradesh dated 16/03/2021.

The issue was remedial action against pollution at and around Railway Godown, Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh in the course of loading and unloading of cement, fertilizers and grains by trucks, polluting the air quality and causing respiratory problems.

Order of the Supreme Court of India in the M.C. Mehta Vs Union of India dated 29/01/2021.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Anubhav Kumar Vs Union of India & Others dated 28/01/2021.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Tripurari Singh Vs Ministry of Railways & Others dated 06/01/2021.

The Transport and Communication Bulletin for Asia and the Pacific is a peer-reviewed journal that is published once a year by the Transport Division of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).

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