In India on-road inspection of road freight in transit is done by several agencies such as tax, transport, police, and forest officials, leading to unscheduled stoppages and delays that add to operational transaction costs.

Currently only one third of rail network in the ESCAP region is electrified -indicating substantial use of diesel for traction and non-traction purposes. And the diesel-powered trains emit at least twice as much CO2 in the atmosphere than electric ones.

Freight transportation plays a crucial role in supporting the economic development of a nation, boosting its logistics and industrial competitiveness, and satisfying the daily needs of its citizens.

This sourcebook module aims to assist policy makers in developing Asian countries, particularly those involved at the urban level, move towards making the urban freight sector more sustainable. The sourcebook module lays out a set of core actions that aim to serve as a basis of action for policymakers.

A new study commissioned by the EEA shows a clear hierarchy of passenger and freight transport modes, in terms of their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Rail and waterborne transport have the lowest emissions per kilometre and unit transported, while aviation and road transport emit significantly more.

The purpose of this report is to review existing urban freight movement characteristics across nine cities in Argentina, Colombia and India, provide an account of current GHG emissions from urban freight and to evolve strategies to minimize its impact.

The Review of Sustainable Transport Connectivity in Asia and the Pacific: Addressing the Challenges for Freight Transport is the biennial publication of Transport Division. The edition of 2019 is produced at the three-year mark of the five-year Regional Action Programme for Sustainable Transport Connectivity in Asia and the Pacific (2017-2021).

A Perspective prepared by the NITI Aayog and Boston Consulting Group (BCG) calls for efficient and convenient public transport to answer the twin problems of pollution and congestion. The report quickly attracted attention amid daily increases in fuel prices.

This study has been carried out in the context of the broader work on internalisation of external costs of transport. External costs are costs to society that, without policy intervention, are not reflected in the costs actually borne by transport users.

The road freight sector is both a key enabler of economic activity and a key source of energy demand, in particular oil. Trucks rely almost exclusively on oil-based fuels. They are the second largest source of global oil demand, following passenger cars and at a similar level as the entire industry sector.

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