The microbial communities of mangroves which form important links in elemental cycling and bioremediation have not been elucidated in most parts of the world. Due to urbanization and deforestation mangroves are also under threat.

A third of all waste generated in cities of Latin America and the Caribbean ends up in open dumps or in the environment, polluting soil, water and air, and threatening the health of the population, according to a UN Environment report.

Microbiota from humans of all cultures are needed to ensure the health of future generations.

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This data booklet highlights current and future trajectories of populations in cities around the globe, drawing on the population estimates and projections published in World Urbanization Prospects: The 2018 Revision.

This paper looks at the impact of sea level rise on eight cities worldwide, exploring some of the underlying reasons for vulnerability, and then the additional impact that climate change will have on their people. These cities include some of those most vulnerable to climate change.

By 2050, two-thirds of the planet’s population will live in urban centers, and nearly 90 percent of the 2.5 billion new urban dwellers will live in Africa and Asia.


The Climate Opportunity report investigates the economic, social and environmental benefits for climate change mitigation action in cities.

Africa’s cities are set to grow by nearly a billion people by 2050. Strategic leadership and planning by government leaders now can make the difference between those cities being dynamic, healthy, climate-resilient hubs driving nationwide prosperity, or sprawling, polluted, congested sites of poverty and insecurity.

Bangladesh has sustained robust economic growth, led by industrial development and urbanization, for the past three decades. In tandem with its economic development, country has been increasingly urbanizing led by the massive growth of Dhaka, the nation’s capital.

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