The cities of 2030, 2050 and 2100 will be very different from today. They will be cities transformed in their demographic composition, in their implementation of technology and in their wider ecological contexts.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Rakesh Kumar Vs State of Himachal Pradesh dated 25/07/2019 regarding illegal construction on the Mall Road, Shimla at Bridge View Hotel between the nallah flowing between the hotel and Indira Gandhi Sports Complex, Shimla. The report by the Director, Town and Country Planning Department stated that illegal construction could not be demolished as the matter was pending before the Additional District Judge, Shimla.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Janesh Mahajan Vs State of Himachal Pradesh & Others dated 31/05/2019 regarding construction of hotel in cantonment area of Chamba District, Himachal Pradesh. According to the application, such construction is in violation of the municipal laws.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Ramesh Chand Vs State of Himachal Pradesh & Others dated 28/05/2019 regarding degradation of Kullu and Manali in Himachal Pradesh in terms of air and water pollution as well as encroachment of forest lands and construction in flood plains of Beas and Ravi rivers.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Sandhya S. Kulkarni & Others Vs Arihant Realtors & Others dated 10/04/2019 regarding enforcement of order of the Tribunal directing the SEIAA, Maharashtra to reconsider to the extent of fixation of parking spaces and the green belt. The order was passed in proceedings challenging environment clearance dated 20.02.2013 for construction of Residential-cum- Commercial project under Slum Rehabilitation Authorities (SRA) scheme on plot CTS No. 4/6(pt), 4/7(pt), 7, 7/1 to 3, 9(p), 9/1 to 4, 10(pt) (CTS No.

For African cities to grow economically as they have grown in size, they must create productive environments to attract investments, increase economic efficiency, and create livable environments that prevent urban costs from rising with increased population densification.

Municipalities across South Africa can now assess climate risks and growth pressures using an online climate risk profiling and adaptation tool that was recently launched by the Council for Scienti

This paper explores the wealth of options available to national transport policy-makers who wish to support more compact and connected urban development, and provides clear inputs on how to prioritise, broadening the focus from facilitating movement, to achieving true accessibility.

Sanitation is one of the most pressing global challenges that the world faces today. Despite significant advancements in coverage since the 1990s, a vast proportion of the global population still lacks access to safe sanitation. Almost 2.3 billion people still do not have access to sanitation and 892 million still defecate in the open.

Cities represent more than 70 per cent of global energy demand. Cities are major consumer of resources (material, food, water, lands, minerals etc.) They contribute for over 70 per cent to greenhouse gas emission and they are the main contributors to the global ecological footprint.

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