The urban heat island effect (UHI) for inner land regions was investigated using satellite data, ground observations, and simulations with an Single-Layer Urban Canopy Parameterization (SLUCP) coupled into the regional Weather Research Forecasting model (WRF, http://wrf-model.org/index.php). Specifically, using the satellite-observed surface skin temperatures (Tskin), the intensity of the UHI was first compared for two inland cities (Xi’an City, China, and Oklahoma City (OKC)), which have different city populations and building densities.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Society for Protection of Culture, Heritage, Environment, Traditions & Promotions of National Awareness (CHETNA) Vs. National Highway Authority of India & Others dated 05/09/2017 regarding greening of public spaces.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Raghunath Jha Vs. Ministry of Urban Development dated 04/09/2017 regarding destruction of trees as a result of demolition of government residential colonies in Delhi.

This book brings together research findings and experiences from science, policy and practice to highlight and debate the importance of nature-based solutions (NBS) to climate change adaptation in urban areas. Emphasis is given to the potential of nature-based approaches to create multiple-benefits for society.

There is evidence that access to green spaces have positive effects on health, possibly through beneficial effects on exercise, air quality, urban heat islands, and stress. Few previous studies have examined the associations between green space and mortality, and they have given inconsistent results. This ecological study relates green space to mortality in Hong Kong from 2006 to 2011. The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), a measure of green space coverage, was measured for 199 small geographic areas in Hong Kong.

Judgement of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Rakesh Kumar Vs State of Uttar Pradesh & Others dated 13/07/2017 regarding unauthorized constructions in a park in Block-G, Sector-44, Noida, Uttar Pradesh. Applicant has also requested for removal of all broken stones/mulba dumped by Noida Authority and to maintain the green belt for the benefit of all the residents of the Sector.

An army of green volunteers should be recruited across London to protect and preserve parks as some local authorities plan to withdraw all funding by 2020.

Judgement of the National Green Tribunal (Western Zone Bench, Pune) in the matter of Sujal Sahakari Gruha Rachana Sanstha Maryadit Vs Pune Municipal Corporation & Others dated 03/07/2017 regarding environmental pollution and degradation caused by various marriage halls and Mangal Karyalayas located on 100 ft DP road starting from Mhatre Bridge to Rajaram bridge in Pune. The Applicant alleges that the environmental degradation is caused due to the encroachment on the designated green belt area, being within the blue flood line marked along the river Mutha by such marriage halls.

Climate change impacts can be especially large in cities1, 2. Several large cities are taking climate change into account in long-term strategies3, 4, for which it is important to have information on the costs and benefits of adaptation5. Studies on climate change impacts in cities mostly focus on a limited set of countries and risks, for example sea-level rise, health and water resources6. Most of these studies are qualitative, except for the costs of sea-level rise in cities7, 8.

Order of the National Green Tribunal in the matter of Mahesh Chandra Saxena Vs. SDMC and Ors dated 18/04/2017 regarding use of recycled treated water of the STP of DJB situated at Qutub Metro Station, Meharauli Gurgaon Road for horticulture use.

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