Although Africa has experienced rapid urbanization in recent decades, know little about the process of urbanization across the continent. The paper exploits a natural experiment, the abolition of South African pass laws, to explore how exogenous population shocks affect the spatial distribution of economic activity.

This is a compilation of data on various indicators of Urban India such as Demography, Employment, Transportation, Sanitation, Housing, Socio-economic Indicators and Public Expenditure on Urban Development. It also provides information the flagship schemes of the Ministry of Urban Development like Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban), National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY), Smart City Mission (SCM) and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT).

Nature-based Solutions (NBS) that strategically conserve or restore nature to support conventionally built infrastructure systems (also referred to as gray infrastructure) can reduce disaster risk and produce more resilient and lower-cost services in developing countries.

The Urban Affairs Ministry has made amendments to the Model Building Byelaws (MBBL) 2016 and Urban Regional Development Plans Formulation and Implementation (URDPFI) Guidelines 2014, making provisions for establishing EV charging infrastructure. According to this, public charging station should be on both sides of the highways or roads on every 25 km.

As cities grow, the negative effects of congestion start to play their part, often affecting the cities' ability to become and remain competitive. Although many studies have focused on these negative effects, the links between pollution and city competitiveness are less explored.

This paper surveys the recent literature exploring the causes of urban pollution in the developing world and the implications of such pollution for a city's competitiveness. Within a system of cities, cities compete for jobs and people.

To promote the market for city compost in India, the Government of India came out with a fixed subsidy under its policy on promotion for city compost. But this failed due to lack of implementation and has seen very dispersed stakeholder participation. There is clearly a demand for city compost in the agrarian sector in India, but the acceptability of the product has been marred by poor quality and low return of investment.

To promote the market for city compost in India, the Government of India came out with a fixed subsidy under its policy on promotion for city compost. But this failed due to lack of implementation and has seen very dispersed stakeholder participation. There is clearly a demand for city compost in the agrarian sector in India, but the acceptability of the product has been marred by poor quality and low return of investment.

This guide for local governments describes when and how to use a consumption-based emissions inventory, known as a CBEI. Numerous cities around the world have been exploring their carbon footprint using consumption-based emissions inventories (CBEIs).

This reference guide from the USAID-funded Adaptation Thought Leadership and Assessments (ATLAS) project provides an overview of the wide range of finance mechanisms available to governments to fund climate resilience initiatives at both the national and local level.

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