That buildings should be well-ventilated is no rocket science.However, the current pandemic and revelation that SARS-CoV-2 can remain airborne for a considerable length of time has given this ancient awareness an urgent appeal.

The present report is based on the results of the State Sample of 76th National Sample Survey on ‘Drinking Water, Sanitation, Hygiene and Housing Condition’. This survey was carried out by this Directorate during July 2018 - December 2018. The survey on housing condition was aimed to portray several aspects of housing condition.

In view of the challenges and risks that the pandemic has exposed, the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has carried out an on-ground investigation of selected mass housing schemes and redevelopment schemes to assess locational disadvantages and gaps in services and infrastructure.

Housing, particularly for low income urban households, is a long-standing challenge in India. In 2012, 96 per cent of the all India urban housing shortage of 18.78 million was confined to low-income economic groups.

Colombia faces a number of challenges including growing need for social housing in metropolitan areas driven by accelerating urbanisation associated with a growing electricity demand as well as increasing hydroelectric uncertainty as a result of changes in the el Niño weather phenomenon.

Colombia faces a number of challenges including growing need for social housing in metropolitan areas driven by accelerating urbanisation associated with a growing electricity demand as well as increasing hydroelectric uncertainty as a result of changes in the el Niño weather phenomenon.

Despite the critical importance of adequate housing—both as a means of prevention and for recovery—in dealing with pandemics like COVID-19, the Indian government has not paid attention to reducing the incidence of homelessness or to improving the quality of housing of the urban and rural poor during the pandemic or in its recovery plans.

This report presents the findings of a national survey conducted by ActionAid Association with informal workers towards the end of the third phase of the lockdown to ascertain the impact of the lockdown.

The Budget Estimates of ` 65,000 crore in 2020-21 is 8.33 percent higher than the Budget Estimates of ` 60,000 crore in 2019-20 and 18.61% over Revised Estimates of ` 54,800 crore in 2019-20. Financial support of ₹ 6828 crore to the Local Bodies in 2020-21 is proposed as against ₹ 6380 crore in the Budget Estimates in 2019-20.

Delhi is being recognized for its new initiative and a new thinking towards education, health services, social welfare and social security measures taken to improve the standard of living and quality of life of the common man.

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