Growing transport volumes have been driving Europe’s road transport emissions up in the past two decades. A European Environment Agency (EEA) analysis, shows how total greenhouse gas emissions from both passenger cars and heavy goods vehicles have increased in Europe, despite better engine efficiency and use of biofuels.

A strong decarbonization target for the road sector would steer India closer to its climate commitments and decarbonization offers significant co-benefits like cleaner air and related health and well-being gains.

Cars, vans, buses, and trucks account for 21% of global anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Under currently adopted policies, fleetwide CO2 emissions are projected to continue rising through 2050. Transitioning the global vehicle fleet to zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) technologies is crucial to decarbonizing road transport and meeting climate goals.

China is currently the global leader in battery electric vehicle (BEV) sales annually, a position it has held since 2015 when it surpassed the US. The one positive policy priority in China’s COVID-19 recovery focused on transitioning the transport sector towards development of public transport systems and electrified transport.

This consultant study introduces a partial equilibrium model to project the mix of renewable fuels most likely to be used to comply with the Commission’s set of proposed targets for the road and aviation sectors.

In India on-road inspection of road freight in transit is done by several agencies such as tax, transport, police, and forest officials, leading to unscheduled stoppages and delays that add to operational transaction costs.

The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways on June 18, 2021 has issued the draft motor vehicle (Amendment) rules, 2021.

While there are many ways can help lessen the climate impact of transport, one key priority is to manage motorization more effectively. In developing countries, the number of vehicles on the road is expected to double in the next 15-20 years, and much of that growth will come from used vehicles imported from high-income countries.

In 2019 alone, India experienced an estimated 1.2 million air pollution-related premature deaths. At the same time, India’s growing economy is driving CO2 emissions, which increased by more than 55% in the last decade, and are expected to rise by 50% to 2040.

This study assesses the feasibility of the European Commission's proposed Climate Target Plan targets for renewable energy in fuels in 2030, focusing specifically on the suggested 24% for renewable energy in transport.

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