This study estimates the costs and benefits of adopting Euro VI standards in diesel HDVs in South Africa under different timelines of fuel quality and emission standard advancements. Based on the results, also make policy recommendations that would reduce HDV emissions and improve air quality and public health in South Africa.

This study evaluates the effectiveness of policies in curtailing emissions from heavy-duty vehicles over the 2012-2021 period and lays a foundation for developing future regulations for direct control of CO2.

India’s light vehicle fuel consumption standards currently ignore both direct and indirect emissions from mobile air conditioning (MAC) systems.

Tractors in India are an increasing source of carbon emissions and criteria pollutants, driven by India’s role as a global leader in agricultural production. These emissions could continue as mechanization of agriculture advances in India.

The objectives of this paper are to assess the status of zero-emission HDV deployment and policies in Emerging Markets and Developing Economies (EMDEs), evaluate the major policy levers for HDV electrification, and identify policy barriers and key recommendations for HDV electrification in the EMDEs.

Although only three new electric buses were registered in India in 2015, that grew to 1,176 new electric buses registered in the year 2021 alone.

This policy update summarizes the steps taken by Chile in relation to its new energy efficiency law and its targets for zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs), and it analyzes the implications of these two policies for the decarbonization of fleets regionally and internationally.

There is increasing interest in hybrid vehicles globally and India is no exception. With passenger car CO2 standards expected to become more stringent in the coming years, manufacturers are likely to turn to 48V hybrids for the Indian market, as is already happening in Europe.

This study analyzes the application of fuel cells in long-haul tractor-trailers, including technology trends for powertrain architecture, fuel cell units, and hydrogen storage.

This paper provides a comprehensive overview of mild-hybrid technology and recent developments in 48V mild hybridization of conventional vehicle powertrains. It estimates the CO2 reduction potential, as well as current and future system cost, for different mild-hybrid electric vehicle (MHEV) system configurations.

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