This report provides a summary of CO2 emission levels of new passenger cars and vans in the European Union in 2017. It is based on data reported by Member States to the European Environment Agency (EEA) and verified by manufacturers.

While the average fuel economy of vehicles continues to improve, the rate of progress has slowed in recent years.

On December 17, 2018, representatives of the European Commission, the European Parliament, and the European Council agreed on a compromise for the European Union (EU) regulation setting binding carbon dioxide (CO2) emission targets for new passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles for 2025 and 2030.

This working paper assesses technology progress and new developments in hybrid and electric vehicles in China. Joint ventures, especially with Japanese automakers, dominate China’s hybrid electric vehicle market. However, some independent domestic manufacturers have already made significant progress on full hybrid system development.

There is growing evidence globally and in China of the gap between laboratory test findings and real-world carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and fuel consumption.

The number of electric and plug-in hybrid cars on the world’s roads exceeded 3 million in 2017, a 54% increase compared with 2016, according to the latest edition of the International Energy Agency’s Global Electric Vehicles Outlook. China remained by far the largest electric car market in the world, accounting for half sold last year.

This white paper provides a detailed assessment of light-duty electric vehicle sales and manufacturing, including the associated battery production and its suppliers. Analyze where electric vehicle models are being assembled and where their battery cells are being produced, and compare that to where the consumer markets are developing.

Vehicle emissions control programs in China have made considerable progress, mainly attributed to the uptake of emissions control technologies driven by increasingly stringent standards and improved fuel quality. Nevertheless, challenges remain regarding compliance with emissions standards for vehicles under real-world driving conditions.

This report provides a comprehensive overview of vehicle remote sensing, an emissions measurement technique which has been used for more than 25 years to evaluate emissions from passing motor vehicles in real-world driving.

All car and van manufacturers met their carbon dioxide (CO2) specific emission targets in 2016, based on current European vehicle test rules, but they will need to continue their efforts to meet future agreed-to cuts.

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