In April of 2020, the Indian government introduced its Bharat Stage VI (BS VI) emissions standards for all new sales of automobiles, which replaced the Bharat Stage IV (BS IV) norms.

This annual report is part of EPA’s commitment to provide the public with information about new light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, fuel economy, technology data, and auto manufacturers' performance in meeting the agency’s GHG emissions standards.

This briefing provides an update on electric vehicle market and policy developments globally through 2020, with a focus on changes since previous update in 2019.

This strategy document examines the ongoing efforts to promote electromobility in Indonesia, identifies key stakeholders relevant to electric vehicle (EV) issues, and identifies synergies among existing EV initiatives nationwide, as well as policy gaps in the effort to accelerate EV uptake in Indonesia.

Market analyses by vehicle segment, weight category, manufacturer, and engine size are needed to optimize vehicle emission standards and testing requirements. In India, these are largely adopted from Euro standards to fit the Indian landscape, and that was the case with the Bharat Stage (BS) VI regulations that took effect April 1, 2020.

Long-haul trucks are responsible for the bulk of road freight CO2 emissions in Europe. However, at the time the heavy-duty vehicle CO2 standards were finalized in the European Union in 2019, there was little information available on zero-emission technologies.

In the past decade, China has rapidly become the world’s largest electric vehicle market, accounting for half of the world’s electric vehicle sales and more than 90% of the stock of electric buses and trucks combined.

This brief reviews strategic documents and policies in Indonesia that are intended to promote fuel-efficient vehicles and electric vehicles (EVs).

In December 2020, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment (MEE) of China updated the China IV emission standards for non-road mobile machinery.

China’s New Energy Vehicle Industrial Development Plan for 2021 to 2035 (“Plan 2021–2035”) follows the Energy-Saving and New Energy Vehicle Industry Plan for 2012 to 2020 and aims to build a green, robust, and internationally competitive auto industry.