Mild-hybrid vehicles: a near term technology trend for CO2 emissions reduction

This paper provides a comprehensive overview of mild-hybrid technology and recent developments in 48V mild hybridization of conventional vehicle powertrains. It estimates the CO2 reduction potential, as well as current and future system cost, for different mild-hybrid electric vehicle (MHEV) system configurations. It also reviews the market penetration trends and future projections of MHEV technology in Europe.