This annual report is part of EPA’s commitment to provide the public with information about new light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, fuel economy, technology data, and auto manufacturers' performance in meeting the agency’s GHG emissions standards.

This report presents the latest update to the Global Fuel Economy Initiative’s biannual benchmarking report on light-duty vehicle sales.

The gap between real-world fuel consumption and emissions of carbon dioxide from light-duty vehicles (LDV), and their laboratory values, is increasingly apparent around the world, including in China. ICCT has been tracking the gap between real-world and type-approval fuel consumption of LDVs since 2017.

Fuel efficiency standards for vehicles directly influence mileage and carbon emissions per litre of fuel burnt and are one of the most difficult and least understood policy instruments in India.

While there are many ways can help lessen the climate impact of transport, one key priority is to manage motorization more effectively. In developing countries, the number of vehicles on the road is expected to double in the next 15-20 years, and much of that growth will come from used vehicles imported from high-income countries.

There is growing interest, especially in Latin America, in implementing and expanding voluntary green freight programs that include eco-driving as a key component.

The shift from carburetor technology to fuel injection that has come with the implementation of India’s Bharat Stage VI emission standards provides the basis from which to consider other incremental technologies for fuel efficiency improvement in the two-wheeler segment, which currently consumes more gasoline than all other forms of on-road tran

This paper examines the fuel consumption of new light commercial vehicles (LCVs) sold in India in fiscal year (FY) 2018–19. These vehicles are the N1 segment in India, and passenger vehicles are the M1 category.

GFEI’s new Global Status Report calls for ambitious policies for a rapid transition to electric vehicles to achieve the Paris Climate Agreement. Launched at En Route to COP26, marking a year before the Glasgow climate negotiations, the report sets out the current state of global policies to promote efficient and electric vehicles globally.

This paper provides the first comprehensive social welfare estimates of recent fuel economy and greenhouse gas emissions standards.