UNCTAD’s Review of Maritime Transport 2023 calls for a “just and equitable transition” to a decarbonized shipping industry. The sector, whose greenhouse gas emissions have risen 20% over the last decade, operates an ageing fleet that runs almost exclusively on fossil fuels.

The 2023 Africa Agriculture Trade Monitor, a flagship publication of AKADEMIYA2063 and the International Food Policy Research Institute, provides an overview of trade in agriculture in Africa, including analysis of short- and long-term trends and drivers behind Africa’s global trade, intra-African trade, and trade within Africa’s regional econom

Coal markets, like those for oil and natural gas, have experienced a turbulent three years as a result of the pandemic and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, which triggered the first truly global energy crisis. In 2023, coal markets have so far been less volatile, though more turmoil could lie ahead.

The Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) was proposed in 1964 at the first quadrennial conference of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), which has a lengthy association with trade preferences as a tool of development.

The global energy crisis has moved energy security to the fore of the international policy agenda and boosted the momentum behind the deployment of clean energy technologies. Investment in clean energy is accelerating at a faster rate than for fossil fuels, helping bring peak oil demand into view.

This paper finds the green trade pattern of Asian economies is increasing in terms of its export share within the region and in global trade. However, the green imports share showed faster growth than the exports share.

Shipbuilders lured by a temporary bull market will likely be left stranded as the world transitions away from fossil fuels. They are facing significant risk by overshooting liquefied natural gas (LNG) shipping capacity that is inconsistent with future energy scenarios.

The ocean economy is worth between $3 trillion and $6 trillion and offers vast opportunities for developing countries to build resilience. But marine resources are under threat from climate change, pollution and overfishing. About 11 million tonnes of plastic flow into the ocean each year.

The United Nations Trade and Development Conference (UNCTAD) in its latest Trade and Development Report Update warns that developing countries are facing years of difficulty as the global economy slows down amid heightened financial turbulence.

This UNCTAD SDG Pulse comes at a crucial moment in the history of both multilateralism and trade and development. Since 2020, the world has been in a constant state of cascading crises that overlap and compound each other.