This report demonstrates how the SDG Synergies approach could be used to better understand how progress towards different goals and targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in the European Union could affect progress in other parts of the Agenda.

Sub-Saharan Africa is already feeling the effects of climate change. Extreme weather events – such as floods, droughts and storms – threaten this region’s economies, and underscore the need for climate-resilient infrastructure.

This background paper explores ways to use a gender-transformative lens to account for the social nature of major adaptation efforts in key systems and to understand the political, economic, social, and cultural practices and norms that shape, but may also distort, people’s adaptation efforts.

This paper presents a conceptual framework that allows users to assess a country’s practices for mobilizing private sector finance for adaptation.

This working paper provides a global analysis that explores how the climate actions contained in countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) connect to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

This volume brings together a new set of multi-country empirical case studies that contribute to the understanding the complexities of development and resource governance in the context of climate change in the Mekong Region.

This paper assesses the existing knowledge base to better understand the economic, social and political consequences of mine closures at the national and subnational scales. Over the next decade, coal mines will likely close across the world, as many countries shift their energy systems away from fossil fuels and towards cleaner energy.

Meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement will require a rapid decline in global fossil fuel production and related investment.

This paper explores how to combine models to better understand the interactions between energy, economy, and land use in regions that rely on woodfuels. Fuelwood and charcoal are critical sources of energy throughout sub-Saharan Africa.

Transporting commodities around the world in today’s globalized production-to-consumption systems generates large amounts of greenhouse gases and pollutants, on top of those associated with producing the commodities themselves.