This paper presents a conceptual framework that allows users to assess a country’s practices for mobilizing private sector finance for adaptation.

This working paper provides a global analysis that explores how the climate actions contained in countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) connect to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

This volume brings together a new set of multi-country empirical case studies that contribute to the understanding the complexities of development and resource governance in the context of climate change in the Mekong Region.

This paper assesses the existing knowledge base to better understand the economic, social and political consequences of mine closures at the national and subnational scales. Over the next decade, coal mines will likely close across the world, as many countries shift their energy systems away from fossil fuels and towards cleaner energy.

Meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement will require a rapid decline in global fossil fuel production and related investment.

This paper explores how to combine models to better understand the interactions between energy, economy, and land use in regions that rely on woodfuels. Fuelwood and charcoal are critical sources of energy throughout sub-Saharan Africa.

Transporting commodities around the world in today’s globalized production-to-consumption systems generates large amounts of greenhouse gases and pollutants, on top of those associated with producing the commodities themselves.

Based on a literature review, this brief presents key findings and recommendations to understand the current state of scientific knowledge on the policies and practices for water management in times of scarcity in the Mekong Region.

This report explores some of the main challenges associated with the likelihood that South Africa’s coal production might decline significantly, potentially over the next five to ten years. The authors highlight some of the key issues that need to be thought through and discussed as part of ensuring a “just transition” to this future.

This working paper outlines three principles that can inform debate on an equitable phase-out of U.S. fossil fuel extraction. In order to avert the most extreme harms of climate change, the world must reduce net carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from all sources — especially fossil fuels — to zero by mid-century.

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