This paper explores the political economy of coal mining in Indonesia, and looks at how policy changes over the last few years might affect coal production and export.

In order to explore the potential co-evolution of agricultural transformation and energy transition in Rwanda, and to highlight the trade-offs and synergies between them, SEI and the Albertine Rift Conservation Society (ARCOS) have undertaken participatory scenario-building activities using SEI’s energy and water planning tools: Long-range Energ

Electricity production in southern Africa continues to fall short of the level needed to support both household and commercial needs. It is widely agreed that regional cooperation and integration in energy planning and development could help to tackle this issue and unlock the potential for economic development in Southern Africa. But how?

Southern Africa faces an energy crisis. Despite efforts to increase electricity generation, the region still struggles to meet rising demand. How can countries work together to develop a secure low-carbon energy infrastructure to meet increased demand and ensure universal energy access?

African countries have set ambitious targets for their nationally determined contributions (NDCs), but the resources needed to realise these goals exceed available domestic and international public finance. Thus, measures that direct private funding to climate investments are needed.

This brief from SEI, IDDRI and ODI finds that a transboundary view of climate risk creates opportunities for international cooperation on adaptation. This brief asserts that the critical importance of adaptation is still under-valued in international negotiations.

Climate change impacts pose significant hazards for socio-economic development in Kenya, through prolonged droughts, unreliable weather patterns, and the emergence of new pests and diseases.Under the Paris Agreement, Kenya committed itself to tackling climate change.

This brief examines how California could limit the production of its principal energy production -- oil -- and the resulting implications for global GHG emissions. By many measures, the U.S. State of California has put in place climate policies that stand among the world's most ambitious.

This discussion brief explores the possibility of a “climate test” for new industrial development by focusing on a case study in the U.S. State of Washington. The debate in Washington over a new chemical facility – to make methanol, a building block of plastics – has centered on its GHG emissions.

Rwanda has committed itself to becoming a middle-income country by 2020. The country’s Vision 2020 and Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategies both set out goals to intensify agriculture, increase national energy output and improve access to modern energy services.