This first Production Gap Report assesses the discrepancy between government plans for fossil fuel production and global production levels consistent with 1.5°C and 2°C pathways.

In recognition of the fundamental importance of energy-related environmental issues, the latest information on CO2 emissions from fuel combustion – level, growth, source and geographic distribution – will be essential to analysts and policy makers in many international fora.

In recognition of the fundamental importance of energy-related environmental issues, the latest information on CO2 emissions from fuel combustion – level, growth, source and geographic distribution – will be essential to analysts and policy makers in many international fora.

Rapid economic and population growth in Africa, particularly in the continent’s burgeoning cities, will have profound implications for the energy sector, both regionally and globally.

For the first time, this report brings together official data on governments’ revenues and subsidies associated with fossil fuels in Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (referred to collectively as BRICS). It offers initial recommendations on aligning BRICS's fiscal policies with a clean energy transition.

To deflate the carbon bubble and protect investors, oil & gas companies must shrink. The world’s listed oil and gas majors must cut combined production by more than a third by 2040 to keep emissions within international climate targets and protect shareholder value.

CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion 2019 provides comprehensive estimates of CO2 emissions from fuel combustion and related indicators across the world and across the sectors of the global economy.

Coal power generation dominates electricity supply in Developing Asia, and more than 400 gigawatts (GW) of new coal-fired capacity is planned for operation by 2030. Past studies on thermal electricitywater nexus have not accounted for this new capacity, and use coarse spatial and temporal resolutions in the assessment of long-term power system reliability.

Major oil and gas companies have invested $50bn (£40.6bn) in fossil fuel projects that undermine global efforts to avert a runaway climate crisis, according to a report.

Hydrogen has emerged as an important part of the clean energy mix needed to ensure a sustainable future. Falling costs for hydrogen produced with renewable energy, combined with the urgency of cutting greenhouse-gas emissions, has given clean hydrogen unprecedented political and business momentum.

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