Question raised in Rajya Sabha on Electrification of Backward and Remote Areas of the Country, 20/03/2017. During the financial year 2014-15, Government of India approved Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana (DDUGJY) with a total investment of Rs. 43033 crore. Under Decentralized Distributed Generation (DDG) component of DDUGJY, access to electricity is provided to un-electrified villages/habitations including backward and remote areas, where grid connectivity is either not feasible or not cost effective by using renewable sources such as biomass, biofuels, biogas, Mini hydro, solar etc.

Solar panels on the rooftop that produce a kilowatt of power are no longer beyond the reach of ordinary citizens.

Indonesia is the largest country in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), accounting for around two fifths of the region’s energy consumption. Energy demand across the country’s more than 17,000 islands could increase by four fifths and electricity demand could triple between 2015 and 2030.

This book proposes a simple framework for understanding the political economy of subsidy reform and applies it to four in-depth country studies covering more than 30 distinct episodes of reform. Five key lessons emerge.

Fuel prices, especially the prices of gasoline and diesel, shape our mobility patterns. Low fuel prices benefit motorized transport and encourage low energy efficiency technologies and wasteful behaviour.

China and India, the world’s most populous countries, also match each other on the scale and severity of urban air pollution. Addressing this pollution requires that governments reorient policies away from fossil fuel combustion.

Agricultural productivity depends on several factors. These include the availability and quality of agricultural inputs such as land, water, seeds and fertilizers, access to agricultural credit and crop insurance, assurance of remunerative prices for agricultural produce, and storage and marketing infrastructure, among others.

Subsidies should end for many types of biomass, a new Chatham House report argues, because they are failing to help cut greenhouse gas emissions.

Bangladesh has always been prone to natural hazards such as cyclones and floods. Impacts of climate change have only increased the frequency and intensity of these extreme events, accompanied by rising sea levels.

• Using wood pellets to generate low-carbon electricity is a flawed policy that is speeding up not slowing down climate warming.