This report summarizes the findings of a review aimed at understanding emerging approaches to energy subsidy reform, discerning trends, and identifying major strands of thinking and research in the field, as reflected in major policy and academic journals relevant to the subject.

The objective for a hydropower hybrid is to take maximum advantage of the integrated technologies by maximizing their utilization, the benefits they bring, and their efficiency. It is widely known that standalone hydropower plants and other technologies can help manage the variability of VRE in the power system.

From Sun to Roof to Grid: The Economics and Policy of Distributed Photovoltaics explores the benefits, challenges, and risks of DPV, with special attention to the economics of its deployment and its uses for utilities.

This report highlights the socioeconomic contributions of the geothermal sector, including the potential opportunities and benefits that can be enhanced at national and local levels throughout geothermal projects’ development and operation.

This report specifically focuses on battery energy storage in decentralized off-grid mini grids located in remote areas.

The energy transition will require a major scale-up in the deployment of renewable energy with both public and private finance playing critical roles.

The hydropower sector, while expected to employ 3.7 million individuals by 2050, currently struggles with a significant gender disparity, with women representing only 25% of its workforce. This discrepancy underscores the urgent need to confront gender inequality in the industry and access the broadest talent pool.

The productive use of electricity in rural communities can contribute to significant socioeconomic development and increased welfare.

Energy subsidies, which have a long history of use by governments around the world, have been rising in recent years after a brief period of decline. Despite their significant wider costs, subsidies are used by governments for various policy, and political reasons.

In the clean cooking sector, the successful application of Results-Based Financing (RBF) instruments has been observed for the climate co-benefit, where the market for averted greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions has enjoyed strong performance; however, supplementing GHG emission-reduction credits with tradeable assets from clean cooking’s additional